Mexican scientist has found a cure for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) at the National School of Biological Sciences (ENCB) of the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN).
A cure for HPV has been discovered in the form of therapy which results in 100% elimination of the infection. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection. It is transferred through skin-to-skin contact.
In most cases, HPV causes no symptoms and can resolve spontaneously. HPV is common worldwide and can cause cervical cancer.
Scientists have been researching for a cure of HPV since the past 20 years. Eva Ramón Gallegos a Mexican scientist achieved this milestone. On the occasion of World Cancer Day 2019, this finding was declared that photodynamic therapy eliminates the virus along with premalignant lesions of cervical cancer.
During a clinical trial around 420 patients from the states of Veracruz and Oaxaca have been treated with this therapy. In addition to 29 in Mexico city who were infected with HPV had premalignant lesions on the cervix or had both conditions.
The treatment consists of applying a drug called aminolevulinic delta acid to the cervix which after 4 hours transforms into protoporphyrin IX. This chemical then assembles in the damaged cells and eliminates a laser beam.
This treatment was applied on three occasions with an interval of 48 hours each with the radiation time varying from each case to type of lesion.
During this procedure, scientists discovered among the patients who had the virus without the lesion, HPV was eliminated in 85%. The success rate of the therapy in people infected with HPV with the lesion was 85%. There was a 42% success rate in patients who had lesion without HPV.
According to World Health Organization, around 3,00,000 women die each year due to cervical cancer.
In 2018, about 96,922 cases of cervical cancer were diagnosed in India as suggested by the Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases report 2018 India. Whereas in 2018, about 7,869 cases of cervical cancer were diagnosed in Mexico as suggested by the Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases report 2018 Mexico.
The scientists say that this procedure is safe and has no side effects. This procedure only removes the damaged cells and has no effect on healthy organs.
With a cure now being discovered, HPV can be prevented and treated. This gives hope to people all over the world who are infected with HPV.