As per a study by The Lancet, India had about 230,000 suicides in 2016. That is about 630 suicides a day in India. Suicide was the most common cause of death amongst people in the age groups of 15–29 years and 15–39 years.
The data from the India government quotes a much lower number of 133,623. This is because the data from the National Crime Records Bureau is based on First Information Report (FIR) filings. Many cases of suicide may not be reported as FIRs.
According to the National Crime Records Bureau, a total of 8,934 students committed suicide in the year 2015. This is an increase of 11.2% from 2014 where there were 8,031 suicides amongst students in India.
The factors attributed to suicide among students include unemployment, family problems, poverty, physical abuse, professional issues, and exam pressure.
During 2017-2018, the Indian government allotted Rs 46.58 crores for guidance and counseling in schools.
Despite the various efforts taken by the Human Resources Development Ministry, the number of suicides continues to increase.
With about 630 suicides a day happening in India, coordination at the national level has been slow.
Through the Mental Health Act 2017, there has been a move to decriminalize suicide. However, India needs a concerted “National Suicide Prevention Plan.”
Such a plan needs to allocate sufficient resources for research, implement policies and health programmes at the national level to reduce the large burden suicides are placing on the India society.