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48% of elders in the US consume aspirin.

Aspirin lowers heart attack risk but can cause excessive bleeding

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Recent research done by scientists at Imperial College London shows that though Aspirin is good at cutting heart attack risk, it can cause excessive bleeding inside the body.

According to the researchers, aspirin must not be recommended to people without cardiovascular disease. This study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on January 22, 2019.

This study has found that though people with cardiovascular disease have been benefited by the use of aspirin, people without this disease have shown signs of excessive bleeding.

Aspirin is a very commonly available medicine. It is taken by people with heart diseases on regular basis to prevent heart attacks and strokes.

Aspirin works by thinning the blood and prevents the formation of clots. Thus, it is helpful for people with heart diseases. But people not suffering from cardiovascular diseases should avoid taking this medicine because otherwise, this is seen to cause internal bleeding in maximum cases.

In this study, the researchers from Imperial College and King’s College in the United Kingdom made 13 clinical trials . This study involving over 164000 people without cardiovascular disease. These participants were aged between 53 and 74.

Dr. Sean Zheng, lead author from Imperial said, “A significant number of people worldwide who have never previously suffered heart attacks or strokes take aspirin with the expectation that it prevents such events from happening. ”

Dr. Zheng added, “Our study shows that the cardiovascular benefits of aspirin are modest, and matched by corresponding increases in serious bleeding risks.”

"Because of this benefit-to-harm aspect of aspirin, there is no straightforward answer about who should be taking it," said Donna Arnett, past president of the American Heart Association and dean of the University of Kentucky College of Public Health

"For aspirin use, it is very important for each patient to discuss with his/her health care provider about whether aspirin would benefit him/her," she said.

According to a study held in 2007, over 48% of people in the US above the age of 65 years were found to consume aspirin. Also, this number has been continuously increasing since then.

Aspirin is now used as a go-to by most of the households in the world. But as this study shows, people need to diligently look upon the effects of medicines before consuming them.

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