A study reveals that breakfast which is said to be the most important meal of the day does not help in controlling body weight. The study was published in the British Medical Journal on 30 January 2019.
This study reveals that there is no evidence which supports the saying that missing your breakfast will lead to a gain in body weight or eating a heavy breakfast will help reduce body weight.
This study consisted of 13 randomized trials with people participating from UK and USA over a time span of 28 years. Researchers at the Monash University, Melbourne examined these trials. These trials lasted for 24 hours to 16 weeks.
Some researchers observed people with regular breakfast intake and their change in energy. While there were some researchers who examined people who skipped their breakfast and its effect on their body weight. This study included body weights of the people that were either self-reported or measured.
The results showed that people with regular breakfast consumption had a higher total energy intake as compared to those who skipped their breakfast. The impact of breakfast on weight did not make a difference to people who were overweight or the ones with normal weight.
According to the authors as for now, the available proof does not support alteration of diets in adults in terms of consumption of breakfast to be a good strategy to lose weight. Also, no significant difference in metabolic rates was discovered between people who were breakfast consumers and those who were not.
Earlier studies suggest that people who eat their breakfast, have a healthy weight. These findings, however, have been observational and widely depends on the person’s food preferences.
Tim Spector, professor of genetic epidemiology at King’s College London says, “people have different preferences for when they eat food, which might suit our unique personal metabolism.”
Spector also said, “No ‘one size fits all,’ and prescriptive slow moving diet guidelines filled with erroneous information look increasingly counterproductive and detract from important health messages. While waiting for guidelines to change, no harm can be done in trying out your own personal experiments in skipping breakfast.”
According to the authors, the quality of this study is low. These findings should be interpreted with caution. Eating breakfast regularly could have effects like improved concentration. But caution is needed when recommending breakfast for weight loss in adults.