China is investigating reports that a pharmaceutical company in their country might have sold over 12,000 units of blood plasma product contaminated with H.I.V.
Another addition to the series of scandals happening in China has come into sight. It has made people doubt their trust in China’s medical institutions and health care system.
A batch of intravenous immunoglobulin produced by the state-owned pharmaceutical company named Shanghai Xinxing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. was found to have been sold in over 12,000 units to the citizens.
The batches of immunoglobulin are used as as a way of delivering immune therapy to patients through plasma. Regarding this, Wang Yuedan, deputy director of the Department of Immunology of Peking University Medical School said, "For example, people who have been exposed to viruses such as poliovirus can use immunoglobulins to improve their antiviral ability for treatment or prevention before using the vaccine."
This blood plasma sold to the citizens is found to be contaminated by H.I.V. Virus. And people getting in contact with this virus have a risk of getting AIDS.
The matter has been reported to the National Health and Health Commission on 6th February 2019 and till now no infected person has been found. But the Commission has requested the Shanghai Food and Drug Administration to conduct on-site inspections of Shanghai Xinxing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
A series of inspections will be organized for the same batch of raw material plasma production products and adjacent batches of products. Along with this, the Commission dispatched a supervision inspection team to Shanghai and Jiangxi to supervise and guide local medicines.
On 5th February 2019, Shanghai Xinxing Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. has been requested to stop production and initiate an emergency recall with immediate effect. The city’s medical and health institutes have been notified by the Municipal Health and Health Commission to stop the use of similar products.
Regarding the HIV antibody, the blood product antibody was positive but the AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C virus nucleic acid tests performed on the batch of human immunoglobulins turned out to be negative.
“In the spirit of being highly responsible to the people, the local authorities are responsible for conducting follow-up observations of relevant patients and cooperating with the State Drug Administration,” said a report published on 6th January 2019 by Xinhua, China’s official news agency.
Wang Yuedan said, "First of all, there are more than 10,000 batches of this product batch. It is necessary to refer to the positive value of the antibody to judge the proportion of contaminated plasma in the total amount. The positive value is more, it is likely that the more plasma of HIV-infected people will be mixed in. The second is that the virus will be partially inactivated during processing."
In this string of medial scandals in China, last month 145 children in eastern China’s Jiangsu province were treated with expired polio vaccines. 17 officials are being invested on this.
Last year, the head of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the eastern province of Shandong was fired by Chinese Communist Party in the case of substandard vaccines. 7 others have also been found convicted of this.
The series of these medical scandals is disturbing not only the politicians and officials but also the civilians as they find their health on stake due to this. Although, Wang Yuedan advised people not to panic and those who have already been injected by the batch of immunoglobulin, should immediately and actively cooperate with the health department to return.