There have been perpetual efforts taken by the government of India in order to make Ganga pollution free. The government had contributed to the process by providing both financial and technical assistance.
The government of India started the Namami Gange Programme, an initiative plan which comes with a variety of activities that involves cleaning Ganga/Yamuna and its tributaries. According to the states, a total of 261 projects have been sanctioned by the government of India.
The projects include the sectors like industrial pollution abatement, sewerage infrastructure, riverfront development, construction of ghats & crematoria development, bioremediation, and many more with an estimated expenditure of Rs. 25, 563 crores. So far 76 projects have been completed.
The government of India continues its efforts to filter out the pollutants from the holy river. They are focused on completing all the short and medium term projects by the end of 2020.
The infrastructure projects are authorized with a long haul Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of 15 years. Most of the projects started in 2014 have completed and are now in the process of Operation and Maintenance.
What’s the government doing?
The inevitable measures have been taken by the central government regarding the waste flow into the river. The amount of ₹388.35 crores was given to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation for the proper construction of Independent Household Latrines (IHHLs) by National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), under Namami Gange Programme in Uttar Pradesh.
According to the reports, 1604 Ganga bank villages were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). Around 388340 IHHLs were constructed in 1011 Gram Panchayats in 25 Ganga bank districts.
Moreover, in Uttar Pradesh, NMCG has given an amount of ₹20 crore to the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation for the execution of Liquid Waste Management in the Ganga bank villages.