India is working to build a spacecraft and send three astronauts to space for five to seven days. This mission will be accomplished before the year 2022 and cost Rs 10,000 crores ($1.4 billion). The Union Cabinet approved this mission as a part of the Gaganyan programme.
The Indian Space Research Organization, ISRO has been working to implement this project. ISRO will develop technology, flight hardware, and other essential infrastructure elements. The mission will place the astronauts in low orbit at a height of 300km - 400km. The GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle will be used to launch Gaganyaan. ISRO plans two unmanned flights to test systems in 2020 and 2021.
Currently, the United States, Russia, and China are the only countries to have launched human spaceflights. Although Indian astronauts have been to space before, this will be the first human mission indigenously developed by India. China first indigenously sent astronauts to space in 2003.
The Gaganyan, will consist of two modules, a crew module, and a service module. Gaganyan will weight 7000 kgs. The size of the crew module will be 3.7 meters by 7 meters. Astronauts will be selected by the Indian Air Force and ISRO.
ISRO is also launching the Chandrayaan-2, India's second lunar exploration mission in January 2019. India’s space programme has been putting satellites in space on behalf of several foreign governments.