Hubble Space Telescope of NASA/ESA has taken the image of the super galaxy named NGC 6052 that consists of two star systems which are in the process of colliding.
This information was published on the official website of NASA on March 8th, 2019.
Hubble Space Telescope of NASA and the European Space Agency’s (ESA) found the distant constellations of stars many years ago. The galaxy image that was taken by the space telescope in the year 2015 was re-examined by the space agency.
This image was referred to as NGC 6052 which is described as a pair of galaxies by the scientists. The image was shared by NASA on its website and it was revealed that those star systems are in the process of amalgamation due to the force of gravity.
The colliding galaxies are positioned for about 230 million light-years away in the Hercules constellation. As per the scientists of NASA, the crash between the stars seems to be difficult due to gaps between them. The empty spaces have been observed between the galaxies.
According to ESA, “A long time ago gravity drew the two galaxies together into the chaotic state we now observe. Stars from within both of the original galaxies now follow new trajectories caused by the new gravitational effects.”
ESA further added, “However, actual collisions between stars themselves are very rare as stars are very small relative to the distances between them (most of a galaxy is empty space). Eventually, the galaxies will fully merge to form a single, stable galaxy.”
The super galaxy, NGC 6052 was initially discovered by William Herschel in the year 1784. The Hubble Space Telescope by NASA and ESA located the star system through the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2.
After the collision of the galaxies, a new single and stable galaxy will be formed. Therefore, it was finally stated by the agency that the image captured by the Hubble telescope was the development of a new galaxy.
During the process of merger of these star systems, the stars will be thrown out from the original orbits. These stars will be placed into the new positions after the collision and a few will be placed at the detached place. As a result, the new galaxy will have a different shape from the two original galaxies.
According to the scientists, it is expected that our own Milky Way galaxy will undergo a similar process of collision in the future with the nearby star system, the Andromeda galaxy. A new galaxy will be formed as a result of that collision.
However, the Milky Way and the Andromeda galaxy is estimated to be at 2.5 million light-years away. Both the galaxies are approaching each other at 402,000 kilometers per hour. The scientists of National Geographic have said that it will take 4 billion years for the collision to take place.