Researchers found that overweight kids have a higher risk of getting blood clots in their body when they reach their adulthood. This study was published in the Journal of American Heart Association on 15th March 2019.
A new study conducted by Danish researchers found that kids suffering from overweight situations might have to face life-threatening blood clots during their adulthood. They also suggested that the situation could be eliminated if the kids are brought back to a healthy weight before turning 13 in age.
To conduct this study, researchers studied the medical exam records of more than 3,00,000 Danish children who were aged between 7 and 13 years and born between 1930 and 1989. The data, so collected was used to calculate the annual body mass index of these kids.
Further, a few years later, Denmark's Civil Registration System was used to study the health records of these same kids when they reached their adulthood. The data was used to measure any sort of adult risk relating to the presence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in their bodies.
Venous Thromboembolism or VTE is a condition when a blood clot gets formed in a deep vein, usually in legs. The situation is so risky that if even one of these clots gets moved to the lungs, it has the capability of blocking the blood flow to that area of the body. It can also cause pulmonary embolism, which is a life-threatening condition.
The study found that the participants with the highest body mass indexes in their childhood showed 30% to 50% of increased chances of getting blood clots in their adulthood.
Also, it was mentioned that the results of this study do not emphasize the relationship between childhood obesity and the formation of blood clots in all cases. The study only shows that obese children are at higher risk of forming blood clots in adulthood.
There could also be some genetic factors which may increase the risk of formation of blood clots during adulthood.
The study also reveals that the children who had never been overweight or who got back to normal healthy body weight by the age of 13 years had a similar risk for VTE which was minimal.
Hence, it prompts obese children to try to get back to healthy body weight to minimize the risk of developing this disease.
Lead author of the study and an epidemiologist at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, Dr. Jens Sundbøll said, "Because more children are becoming heavier at progressively younger ages, our results merit focus on helping children to attain and maintain appropriate weight to prevent cardiovascular disease in adulthood."
Obesity in children is the situation when the BMI of their body reaches or crosses 95th percentile. According to a current research in Diabetes and Obese Journal, between 5.74% and 8.82% of school children in India are obese.
Formation of blood clots in the body is a very common problem and it is treated by the use of medicines that have the ability to thin the blood. This facilitates the free flow of blood in the body.
According to the researchers, the results of the study highlights the need to teach parents and children about the importance of a healthy diet, physical activity and the long-term effects of being obese at childhood.