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TNM Staging for Renal Cell Carcinoma

Primary Tumor (T)
No evidence of primary tumor 0
Organ confined, <=4 cm 1
Organ confined, 4-7 cm 2
Organ confined, 7-10 cm 3
Organ confined, >10 cm 4
Perinephric tissue, renal sinus, or renal vein 5
Vena cava below the diaphragm 6
Vena cava above diaphragm or into wall of vena cava at any level 7
Beyond Gerota’s fascia or directly into adrenal gland 8
Primary tumor cannot be assessed 9
Regional lymph nodes (N)
No regional lymph node metastasis 0
Metastasis in a single regional lymph node 10
Metastasis in more than one regional lymph node 20
Regional nodes cannot be assessed 30
Distant metastatis (M)
No distant metastasis 0
Distant metastasis 50
Distant metastasis cannot be assessed 100


Result Interpretation

Ranges Ranges

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