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City Sketching 3. Linear Perspective In Drawing

There are more than two types of perspective schemes. But for beginning one-point perspective and two-point perspective give us enough freedom in sketching to achieve a good result in big variety of landscapes.

City Sketching 3. Linear Perspective In Drawing

There are more than two types of perspective schemes. But for beginning one-point perspective and two-point perspective give us enough freedom in sketching to achieve a good result in big variety of landscapes.
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Linear perspective drawing is the art of creating the illusion of depth on the flat surface of a sketch. In perspective, all the objects seem to gradually decrease in size when the distance between them and viewer increase. And each of the sets of parallel lines coming out from the objects in the sketch appears to meet at one particular point.
In the one-point perspective scheme, our line of sight is directed in parallel with lines of depth. It is a very convenient scheme because here is only one melting point and it is placed inside of the sketch. But this type of linear perspective has its flaw. It looks sometimes not very realistic and the streets are not always organized like a chessboard.
In the two-point perspective scheme, our line of sight is directed diagonally relatively to the bases of our boxes. And we have two melting points: one from the left, another from the right, each one for one set of the parallel lines. Only lines of the vertical set are vertical. This type of linear perspective is more realistic, but it has its flaw too. Usually, both melting points are far away outside of our sketch page, but I know one trick which helps us to deal with this problem.

Linear perspective drawing is the art of creating the illusion of depth on the flat surface of the sketch. In perspective, all the objects seem to gradually decrease in size when the distance between them and viewer increase. And each of the sets of parallel lines coming out from the objects in the sketch appears to meet at one particular point.

Speaking of linear perspective, we have to notice: this system we generally apply to the box-like objects. I mean the rectangular boxes. So we use it for drawing the rooms with furniture and, of course, the streets with buildings - city landscapes.

All the boxes, surrounding us in daily life, usually are standing on the horizontal surfaces, horizontal planes. And how they look depends on our position, more precisely, on the level of our eyes. Level of eyes is a horizontal plane too, but we see it as a line. This line we call the line of the horizon.

Requirements

You don’t need any experience in drawing. And a minimum drawing set, which includes the following:

  1. Sketchbook
  2. Pencils
  3. Eraser.

Also, we use our gridded device and we need a snap-off knife to cut a strip of paper for measuring angles.

Linear perspective drawing is the art of creating the illusion of depth on the flat surface of a sketch. In perspective, all the objects seem to gradually decrease in size when the distance between them and viewer increase. And each of the sets of parallel lines coming out from the objects in the sketch appears to meet at one particular point.
In the one-point perspective scheme, our line of sight is directed in parallel with lines of depth. It is a very convenient scheme because here is only one melting point and it is placed inside of the sketch. But this type of linear perspective has its flaw. It looks sometimes not very realistic and the streets are not always organized like a chessboard.
In the two-point perspective scheme, our line of sight is directed diagonally relatively to the bases of our boxes. And we have two melting points: one from the left, another from the right, each one for one set of the parallel lines. Only lines of the vertical set are vertical. This type of linear perspective is more realistic, but it has its flaw too. Usually, both melting points are far away outside of our sketch page, but I know one trick which helps us to deal with this problem.

About the instructors

Evgeniy Stasenko

Fine Arts teacher
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Hello, my name is Evgeniy Stasenko. I am an artist from Moscow now living in Barcelona. I graduated from Moscow Pedagogical University, Fine Arts & Graphic Department and have practiced both fine arts and teaching ever since, for more than 30 years by now.

As a teacher, I have always aimed at creating an integral system, a consistent range of methods that would allow me to effectively teach drawing and painting to any person regardless of skills. These methods come as the result of experience; they are tested in practice and proven to give fast results. As well, I have extensive experience in creating specific short-term courses, not to mention fine art workshops, etc.

I wrote some textbooks. “The Art School” and a course of three books on Developing Drawing for primary aged kids are available only in Russian now. My book "Composition of a Picture: Theory and Exercises" is available on Amazon both in Russian and in English. The subject of artistic composition given in a clear and logical way – it is really useful. This theory is unknown outside Russia and English translation helps to improve the situation.

In 1994 I got an award of the All-Russia Exhibition Center for teaching.

In 2006 my biography was published in the encyclopedia Who is Who in Russia. 

In 2015 I moved to Spain.

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