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Echocardiography for the Non-Cardiologist

Learn how to perform basic Echocardiography and diagnose common cardiac conditions.

Echocardiography for the Non-Cardiologist

Learn how to perform basic Echocardiography and diagnose common cardiac conditions.
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Understand the basics of ultrasound, be familiar with the echo machine and how it works, and know the basic TTE views.
A brief introduction to echocardiography, why you should learn it, and what we'll be discussing in the course.
In this lecture, we are going to familiarize yourself with the echocardiography or ultrasound machine, learn its different types, parts, and controls. You'll learn how to add or remove probes, how to select a probe and preset, how to start a new exam and enter patient data.
In this lecture, we will discuss the basics of ultrasound and the different modes we use in echocardiography. We'll explain 2D ultrasound, M-mode ultrasound, color Doppler, as well as pulsed and continuous wave Doppler and the differences between them.
In this lecture, we'll quickly go through the basic TTE views, how to get them, and the structures seen in each view. We'll cover: The parasternal long-axis (PLAX) view. The parasternal short axis (PSAX) views: basal, mid, apical and great vessel levels. The apical four-chamber (A4C) view. The apical five-chamber (A5C) view. The apical two-chamber (A2C) view. The apical three-chamber (A3C) view. The subcostal view.
Assess LV and RV size and function, and assess the four cardiac valves for regurgitation and stenosis with their grades.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess LV size and function, and see examples of abnormal LVs. We'll discuss Eyeballing, the Teichholz method, and Simpson's biplane method.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess RV size and function. We'll discuss RV diameters, TAPSE (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion), and RV FAC (fractional area change).
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the mitral valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve. We'll be discussing valve area assessment using planimetry and pressure half time (PHT), pressure gradient calculation, as well as looking at examples of mild, moderate, and severe mitral regurgitation (MR).
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the aortic valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve. You'll learn about pressure gradients and velocities, valve area calculation using continuity equation, and estimation of regurgitation severity.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the pulmonary valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve.
Recognize the most common and important cardiac disorders.
In this lecture, you'll learn about the territorial blood supply of the LV, and how it divides the LV into segments and levels. You'll then learn how to check for regional (segmental) wall motion abnormalities (RWMA / SWMA) which indicate coronary artery disease, as well as recognize several important mechanical complications of myocardial infarction, such as systolic dysfunction, acute MR, ventricular septal rupture (VSR), and free wall rupture.
In this lecture, you'll learn about one of the most common disorders you'll come across: pulmonary embolism. We'll be discussing its echocardiographic features and looking at examples where the actual thrombus could be visualized in the pulmonary artery or the right atrium.
In this lecture, you'll learn what a pericardial effusion looks like on echocardiography, how to measure it, distinguish its different types and how to detect potentially fatal cardiac tamponade. We'll be discussing features including atrial systolic collapse, RV diastolic collapse, inspiratory flow variation, IVC plethora, and swinging heart.
In this lecture, you'll learn what prosthetic heart valves look like on echo, their different types, and how to assess them for malfunction. We'll discuss the different causes of prosthetic valve malfunction, learn when to suspect them, and look at examples of valves with stuck leaflets, and dehiscent valves with the paravalvular leak.
In this lecture, you'll learn the echo appearance of one of the most serious infections: infective endocarditis, its predisposing lesions, and complications. We'll look at examples of vegetations, perforated leaflets, and perivalvular abscess.
In this lecture, you'll learn about aortic dissection, how it happens, its echo appearance, and complications including AR, myocardial infarction and branch ischemia. You'll also learn about an additional special view to visualize the whole thoracic aorta: the suprasternal view.
In this lecture, you'll learn about one of the most common cardiomyopathies which frequently presents in the emergency setting: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We'll discuss its diagnosis, its hemodynamic effects and their management, and how to tell it apart from the athlete's heart.
In this lecture, you'll learn how to assess a patient for cardiac trauma, including blunt and penetrating trauma such as stabs and gunshot wounds.
Put together all the skills you have learned and perform your first complete echocardiographic examination.
In this lecture, you'll learn how to put together all what you've learned so far and perform your first complete echo study. You'll learn the order of examination, and how to be rapid yet systematic and never miss anything.

This is a course for beginners of echocardiography who want to learn to perform a basic echocardiogram: Assess chamber size and function, assess and grade valve regurgitation and stenosis, and recognize many common and important cardiac conditions. If you're either a beginning cardiologist or an established non-cardiologist who wants to learn an incredibly useful new skill, this course is for you.

Understand the basics of ultrasound, be familiar with the echo machine and how it works, and know the basic TTE views.
A brief introduction to echocardiography, why you should learn it, and what we'll be discussing in the course.
In this lecture, we are going to familiarize yourself with the echocardiography or ultrasound machine, learn its different types, parts, and controls. You'll learn how to add or remove probes, how to select a probe and preset, how to start a new exam and enter patient data.
In this lecture, we will discuss the basics of ultrasound and the different modes we use in echocardiography. We'll explain 2D ultrasound, M-mode ultrasound, color Doppler, as well as pulsed and continuous wave Doppler and the differences between them.
In this lecture, we'll quickly go through the basic TTE views, how to get them, and the structures seen in each view. We'll cover: The parasternal long-axis (PLAX) view. The parasternal short axis (PSAX) views: basal, mid, apical and great vessel levels. The apical four-chamber (A4C) view. The apical five-chamber (A5C) view. The apical two-chamber (A2C) view. The apical three-chamber (A3C) view. The subcostal view.
Assess LV and RV size and function, and assess the four cardiac valves for regurgitation and stenosis with their grades.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess LV size and function, and see examples of abnormal LVs. We'll discuss Eyeballing, the Teichholz method, and Simpson's biplane method.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess RV size and function. We'll discuss RV diameters, TAPSE (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion), and RV FAC (fractional area change).
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the mitral valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve. We'll be discussing valve area assessment using planimetry and pressure half time (PHT), pressure gradient calculation, as well as looking at examples of mild, moderate, and severe mitral regurgitation (MR).
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the aortic valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve. You'll learn about pressure gradients and velocities, valve area calculation using continuity equation, and estimation of regurgitation severity.
In this lecture, you'll learn several methods to assess the pulmonary valve for stenosis and regurgitation and grade them, as well as recognize some of the most common pathologies affecting the valve.
Recognize the most common and important cardiac disorders.
In this lecture, you'll learn about the territorial blood supply of the LV, and how it divides the LV into segments and levels. You'll then learn how to check for regional (segmental) wall motion abnormalities (RWMA / SWMA) which indicate coronary artery disease, as well as recognize several important mechanical complications of myocardial infarction, such as systolic dysfunction, acute MR, ventricular septal rupture (VSR), and free wall rupture.
In this lecture, you'll learn about one of the most common disorders you'll come across: pulmonary embolism. We'll be discussing its echocardiographic features and looking at examples where the actual thrombus could be visualized in the pulmonary artery or the right atrium.
In this lecture, you'll learn what a pericardial effusion looks like on echocardiography, how to measure it, distinguish its different types and how to detect potentially fatal cardiac tamponade. We'll be discussing features including atrial systolic collapse, RV diastolic collapse, inspiratory flow variation, IVC plethora, and swinging heart.
In this lecture, you'll learn what prosthetic heart valves look like on echo, their different types, and how to assess them for malfunction. We'll discuss the different causes of prosthetic valve malfunction, learn when to suspect them, and look at examples of valves with stuck leaflets, and dehiscent valves with the paravalvular leak.
In this lecture, you'll learn the echo appearance of one of the most serious infections: infective endocarditis, its predisposing lesions, and complications. We'll look at examples of vegetations, perforated leaflets, and perivalvular abscess.
In this lecture, you'll learn about aortic dissection, how it happens, its echo appearance, and complications including AR, myocardial infarction and branch ischemia. You'll also learn about an additional special view to visualize the whole thoracic aorta: the suprasternal view.
In this lecture, you'll learn about one of the most common cardiomyopathies which frequently presents in the emergency setting: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We'll discuss its diagnosis, its hemodynamic effects and their management, and how to tell it apart from the athlete's heart.
In this lecture, you'll learn how to assess a patient for cardiac trauma, including blunt and penetrating trauma such as stabs and gunshot wounds.
Put together all the skills you have learned and perform your first complete echocardiographic examination.
In this lecture, you'll learn how to put together all what you've learned so far and perform your first complete echo study. You'll learn the order of examination, and how to be rapid yet systematic and never miss anything.

About the instructors

Mdicalworkseg

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I'm an Egyptian cardiologist with over 8 years of experience. I'm also a computer programmer; web developer; and 2D/3D graphic designer, and I'm always striving to bring my two worlds together. I got the idea for VirtualEcho back when I was a resident cardiologist, struggling with echocardiography like everybody else, and decided I could do something to help make it easier for people to learn.

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