A surgeon who is dedicated in the field of neurology is called a neurologist. The neurologist treats all the disorders that are related to brain, nerves, and spinal cord including demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke, disorders related to headache, infections of the brain and of peripheral nervous system, movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, disorders of seizures such as epilepsy, spinal cord disorders, speech and language disorders. Surgery is not performed by a neurologist but in case any of their patient requires surgery, they refer such patient to a neurosurgeon.
A neurologist is a doctor who practices in neurology. Neurology is the science related to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. A neurologist treats disorders affecting nerves, brain, spinal cord and cerebrovascular diseases, such as stroke, headache, movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, infections of the brain and nervous system, Alzheimer's disease, seizures disorders including epilepsy, spinal cord disorders, and speech and language disorders. Neurologists themselves do not perform surgery and if a patient needs surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.