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    Abdominal Pain

    Also called: Bellyache
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    Your abdomen extends from below your chest to your groin. Some people call it the stomach, but your abdomen contains many other important organs. Pain in the abdomen can come from any one of them. The pain may start somewhere else, such as your chest. Severe pain doesn't always mean a serious problem. Nor does mild pain mean a problem is not serious.

    Call your healthcare provider if mild pain lasts a week or more or if you have pain with other symptoms. Get medical help immediately if

    • You have abdominal pain that is sudden and sharp
    • You also have pain in your chest, neck or shoulder
    • You're vomiting blood or have blood in your stool
    • Your abdomen is stiff, hard and tender to touch
    • You can't move your bowels, especially if you're also vomiting

    Symptoms of Abdominal Pain

    The following features are indicative of Abdominal Pain:
    • pain
    • vomiting blood
    • bloody stools
    • abdomen is tender to touch
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Abdominal Pain

    The following are the most common causes of Abdominal Pain:
    • gastroenteritis
    • irritable bowel syndrome
    • stomach inflammation
    • urinary tract problems
    • constipation
    References: 2, 3, 4, 5

    Other Causes of Abdominal Pain

    The following are the less common causes of Abdominal Pain:
    • pancreas inflammation
    • cholecystitis
    • cancer
    • diverticulitis
    • appendicitis
    • mesenteric ischemia
    • abdominal aortic aneurysms
    References: 2, 3, 4, 5

    Risk Factors of Abdominal Pain

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Abdominal Pain:
    • fatigue
    • anxiety
    • psychological distress
    • low back pain
    • illness behaviour

    Prevention of Abdominal Pain

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Abdominal Pain. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • drink plenty of fluids
    • eat small meals frequently
    • eat high-fiber foods
    References: 6

    Occurrence of Abdominal Pain.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Abdominal Pain cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Abdominal Pain most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Abdominal Pain most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 7

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Abdominal Pain

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Abdominal Pain:
    • Urinalysis: To diagnose dysuria, hematuria, or flank pain
    • Complete blood count test: To detect infection or blood loss
    • Amylase and Lipase: To measure the levels of amylase and lipase
    • Pregnancy test: To check either women is pregnant or not
    • Liver function test: To diagnose right upper quadrant pain
    • Radionuclide imaging: To detect acute cholecystitis
    • Electrocardiograph: To check the activity of heart
    • Computed tomography: To diagnose acute right lower quadrant pain
    References: 8, 9

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Abdominal Pain:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Abdominal Pain:
    • Gastroenterologist

    Complications of Abdominal Pain if Untreated

    Yes, Abdominal Pain causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Abdominal Pain is left untreated:
    • acute abdominal pain
    References: 10

    Self-care for Abdominal Pain

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Abdominal Pain:
    • Drink plenty of fluids: Sip water or other clear fluids everyday
    • Exercise regularly
    • Avoid certain medicines: Do not take ibuprofen, aspirin and narcotic pain pills without consulting your doctor
    References: 11

    Time for Treatment of Abdominal Pain

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Abdominal Pain to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 12

    Related Topics - Abdominal Pain

    Questions - Abdominal Pain

    References

    1. MedlinePlus Abdominal Pain https://medlineplus.gov/abdominalpain.ht... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Abdominal pain https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Viniol, A; Keunecke, C; Biroga, T; Stadje, R; Dornieden, K; Bösner, S; Donner-Banzhoff, N; Haasenritter, J; Becker, A (October 2014). "Studies of the symptom abdominal pain--a systematic review and meta-analysis.". Family practice. 31 (5): 517–29. doi:10.1093/fampra/cmu036. PMID 24987023. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2498... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Spangler, R; Van Pham, T; Khoujah, D; Martinez, JP (2014). "Abdominal emergencies in the geriatric patient". International journal of emergency medicine. 7: 43. doi:10.1186/s12245-014-0043-2. PMID 25635203. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2563... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Smita LS Halder, John McBeth, Alan J Silman, David G Thompson, Gary J Macfarlane Psychosocial risk factors for the onset of abdominal pain. Results from a large prospective population-based study https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/31/... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. breastcancer.org Abdominal Pain http://www.breastcancer.org/treatment/si... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Atsuhiko Murata, Kohji Okamoto, Toshihiko Mayumi, Keiji Maramatsu and Shinya Matsuda Age-Related Differences in Outcomes and Etiologies of Acute Abdominal Pain Based on a National Administrative Database http://www.journal.med.tohoku.ac.jp/2331... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. SARAH L. CARTWRIGHT, MD, and MARK P. KNUDSON, MD, MSPH Evaluation of Acute Abdominal Pain in Adults http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0401/p971.h... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Mcgarrity TJ, Peters DJ, Thompson C, Mcgarrity SJ. Outcome of patients with chronic abdominal pain referred to chronic pain clinic. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000;95(7):1812-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1092... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. PubMed Health Systematic reviews of clinical decision tools for acute abdominal pain https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealt... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. MedlinePlus Abdominal pain https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Douglas A. Drossman Severe and Refractory Chronic Abdominal Pain: Treatment Strategies http://www.cghjournal.org/article/S1542-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    13. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/abdominalpain.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 5/14/2018.
    This page provides information for Abdominal Pain.

    Related Topics - Abdominal Pain

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