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    Acute Bronchitis

    Health    Acute Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to your lungs. It causes a cough that often brings up mucus. It can also cause shortness of breath, wheezing, a low fever, and chest tightness. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic.

    Most cases of acute bronchitis get better within several days. But your cough can last for several weeks after the infection is gone.

    The same viruses that cause colds and the flu often cause acute bronchitis. These viruses spread through the air when people cough, or though physical contact (for example, on unwashed hands). Being exposed to tobacco smoke, air pollution, dusts, vapors, and fumes can also cause acute bronchitis. Less often, bacteria can also cause acute bronchitis.

    To diagnose acute bronchitis, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and listen to your breathing. You may also have other tests.

    Treatments include rest, fluids, and aspirin (for adults) or acetaminophen to treat fever. A humidifier or steam can also help. You may need inhaled medicine to open your airways if you are wheezing. Antibiotics won't help if the cause is viral. You may get antibiotics if the cause is bacterial.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Acute Bronchitis

    The following features are indicative of Acute Bronchitis:
    • cough
    • wheezing
    • low fever
    • chest tightness or pain
    • chest pain
    • fever
    • fatigue
    • malaise
    References: 1, 2

    Common Causes of Acute Bronchitis

    The following are the most common causes of Acute Bronchitis:
    • bacterial infections
    • lung irritants
    • contagious pathogens
    References: 3

    Other Causes of Acute Bronchitis

    The following are the less common causes of Acute Bronchitis:
    • mucosal hypersecretion
    • airways obstruction due to goblet cells
    References: 3

    Risk Factors of Acute Bronchitis

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Acute Bronchitis:
    • smoking
    • contact with dust and chemical fumes
    • exposure to vapors from coal mining

    Prevention of Acute Bronchitis

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Acute Bronchitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • avoid smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
    • practice good hand hygiene
    • keep yourself and the child updated with recommended immunizations
    References: 4

    Occurrence of Acute Bronchitis.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Acute Bronchitis cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Acute Bronchitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Acute Bronchitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Acute Bronchitis:
    • Chest X-ray: To exclude pneumonia
    • Sputum sample test: To find pathologic organisms
    • Blood test: To diagnose inflammation
    References: 2, 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Acute Bronchitis:
    • Pulmonologist

    Complications of Acute Bronchitis if Untreated

    Yes, Acute Bronchitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Acute Bronchitis is left untreated:
    • pneumonia
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    References: 6

    Procedures for Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

    The following procedures are used to treat Acute Bronchitis:
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation: To learn how to breathe more easily and enhance ability to exercise
    References: 7

    Self-care for Acute Bronchitis

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Acute Bronchitis:
    • Smoking cessation: Quit smoking completely
    • Avoid lung irritants: Wear a mask when you are exposed to irritants or the air is polluted
    • Use a humidifier: Warm and moist air helps to provide relief from cough and loosens mucus in the airways
    • Use face mask outside: Put on a cold-air face mask before you go outside
    References: 2, 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Acute Bronchitis:
    • Oxygen supplementation: To treat hypoxemia
    References: 8

    Time for Treatment of Acute Bronchitis

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Acute Bronchitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 4 weeks
    References: 2

    Is Acute Bronchitis Infectious?

    Yes, Acute Bronchitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
    • weakened immune system
    • contact with person suffering with bronchitis
    • exposure to air pollution, secondhand smoke, dust or chemicals
    References: 4

    Related Topics - Acute Bronchitis

    Questions - Acute Bronchitis

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Acute Bronchitis

    Latest news and updates related to Acute Bronchitis. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Women should watch out for chronic bronchitis, lung experts say

    Sunday, November 12, 2017 -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a potentially serious and often under-diagnosed respiratory disease, affects women more quickly and severely than men, lung disease specialists warn ahead of World COPD Day on Nov. 15.

    New insights on chronic bronchitis could lead to first diagnostic test and better treatments

    Wednesday, September 13, 2017 -- When a patient arrives at a doctor's office with a persistent cough and the sensation of gunk building up in the lungs, the doctor's thought process is essentially the same as it would have been...

    Study describes how airway dehydration aids in progression of chronic bronchitis, paving way for new diagnostic test

    Monday, September 11, 2017 -- A high concentration of the proteins that make mucus thick, called mucins, is abnormally high in chronic bronchitis and is associated with disease severity in patients with the condition, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the University … Read More » The post Study describes how airway dehydration aids in progression of chronic bronchitis, paving way for new diagnostic test appeared first on Life Science Daily.

    Airway Mucin Concentrations May Help Predict Chronic Bronchitis

    Friday, September 08, 2017 -- Mean total mucin concentrations up in smokers with severe COPD, those with respiratory exacerbations

    Breakthrough study could lead to diagnostic tools and better treatments for chronic bronchitis

    Thursday, September 07, 2017 -- When a patient arrives at a doctor's office with a persistent cough and the sensation of gunk building up in the lungs, the doctor's thought process is essentially the same as it would have been decades ago. There has been no understanding of the affected biological pathways causing the gunk buildup in the lung, nor has there been a diagnostic test for chronic bronchitis.

    References

    1. NIH What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Acute bronchitis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_bron... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. NIH What Is Bronchitis? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Bronchitis (Chest Cold) https://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/community/f... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. NIH Who Is at Risk for Bronchitis? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Wikipedia Bronchitis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronchitis... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/acutebronchitis.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 7/25/2018.
    This page provides information for Acute Bronchitis.

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