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Acute Coronary Syndrome

Signs and symptoms related to acute ischemia of the myocardium secondary to coronary artery disease. The clinical presentation covers a spectrum of heart diseases from unstable angina to myocardial infarction

Symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following features are indicative of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • indigestion
  • chest pain
  • feeling restless
  • unusual fatigue
  • sudden, heavy sweating
  • shortness of breath
  • lightheadedness
  • irregular heartbeat
It is possible that Acute Coronary Syndrome shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following are the most common causes of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) in and on the walls of coronary arteries

Risk Factors for Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • cigarette smoking
  • lack of physical activity
  • high blood pressure
  • unhealthy diet
  • age more than 40 years
  • high blood cholesterol
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • history of high blood pressure in women
  • family history of chest pain, heart disease or stroke
  • history of preeclampsia or diabetes during pregnancy

Prevention of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Acute Coronary Syndrome. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • eat heart-healthy diet to prevent acute coronary syndrome
  • by doing exercise regularly
  • maintain healthy body weight
  • get regular check up for cholesterol and blood pressure levels

Occurrence of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Acute Coronary Syndrome cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Acute Coronary Syndrome most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Acute Coronary Syndrome can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • Echocardiogram: Provide video images of the heart
  • Coronary angiogram: To view the heart's blood vessels
  • Electrocardiogram: To see electrical impulses generated by heart
  • Blood tests: To test for the presence of certain enzymes
  • Computerized tomography (CT) angiogram: To detect the narrowed or blocked coronary arteries
  • Exercise stress test: To measure how the heart and blood vessels respond to exertion
  • Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI): To determine the blood flow through the heart muscle

Doctor for Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Acute Coronary Syndrome if untreated

Yes, Acute Coronary Syndrome causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Acute Coronary Syndrome is left untreated:
  • heart attack
  • abnormal heart rhythms
  • heart failure

Procedures for Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following procedures are used to treat Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • Angioplasty and stenting: Improves and restores the blood flow in the heart muscles
  • Coronary bypass surgery: Allows blood to flow through the heart more freely

Self-care for Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • Maintain healthy body-weight: Helps in lowering the risk of heart diseases
  • Avoid smoking: Don't smoke and avoid second-hand smoke also
  • Stay physically active: Get regular exercise helps in preventing heart attack
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol levels: Helps in reducing the chances of heart attack
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet: Keeps the heart healthy
  • Manage diabetes: Keep blood sugar levels at more-desirable levels
  • Control stress: Reduce stress in your day-to-day activities

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Acute Coronary Syndrome:
  • Chiropractic therapy: Helps in the stress management during the treatment
  • Deep-breathing exercises and meditation: Helps in dealing with the stress

Patient Support for Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome

The following actions may help Acute Coronary Syndrome patients:
  • Deal with your emotions: Discuss your fear with your doctor, a family member or a friend may help
  • Support group: Effective in preventing or treating depression after a heart attack
  • Attend cardiac rehabilitation: Helps in lifestyle changes, emotional issues and a gradual return to your normal activities after a heart attack

Time for Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Acute Coronary Syndrome to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Acute Coronary Syndrome.

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