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Acute maxillary sinusitis

An acute or chronic inflammatory process affecting the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus.

Symptoms of Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following features are indicative of Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • pain in the maxillary area like cheek
  • toothache
  • headache
  • foul smelled nasal or pharyngeal discharge
  • fever
  • weakness
  • redness over the skin

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Common Causes of Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following are the most common causes of Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • periapical infection
  • asthma
  • cystic fibrosis
  • poor immune function

Risk Factors for Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • progression of disease with aging

Prevention of Acute maxillary sinusitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Acute maxillary sinusitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • minimize contact with infected people
  • washing of hands with soap after taking meals
  • avoid cigarette smoking
  • use of a humidifier

Occurrence of Acute maxillary sinusitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Acute maxillary sinusitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Acute maxillary sinusitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 31-45 years

Common Gender

Acute maxillary sinusitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • CT scan (Computed tomography): To diagnose presence of mucosal swelling and fluid in the right as well as left maxillary sinuses
  • C reactive protein test: An important test for differentiation between viral and bacterial infections
  • Nasal endoscopy: Helps in visual detection to inspect the inside of sinuses
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): Shows detailed structure of sinuses and nasal area
  • Nasal and sinus culturing: To determine the bacterial growth in sample
  • Allergy testing: Helps to pinpoint the allergen that's responsible for nasal problems

Complications of Acute maxillary sinusitis if untreated

Yes, Acute maxillary sinusitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Acute maxillary sinusitis is left untreated:
  • carcinoma of the maxillary sinus
  • meningitis
  • blindness
  • osteomyelitis
  • permanent loss of smell

Procedures for Treatment of Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following procedures are used to treat Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • Surgery: Surgical procedure to directly remove mucus from the inflammatory cells

Self-care for Acute maxillary sinusitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Acute maxillary sinusitis:
  • inhalation of steam
  • apply warm facial packs on nose
  • elevation of head when sleeping
  • avoid cigarette smoke

Time for Treatment of Acute maxillary sinusitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Acute maxillary sinusitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Acute maxillary sinusitis.

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