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An acute inflammatory process that leads to necrosis of the pancreatic parenchyma. Signs and symptoms include severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and shock. Causes include alcohol consumption, presence of gallstones, trauma, and drugs

Symptoms of Acute Pancreatitis

The following features are indicative of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • upper abdomen pain
  • fever
  • rapid pulse
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • chills
  • hemodynamic instability
  • respiratory distress
  • peritonitis
  • hiccup
It is possible that Acute Pancreatitis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Acute Pancreatitis

The following are the most common causes of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • metabolic disorders
  • alcoholism
  • hypercalcemia
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • bacterial infection
  • injury to the abdomen
  • pancreatic cancer

Other Causes of Acute Pancreatitis

The following are the less common causes of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • cystic fibrosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • infection
  • hypercalcemia
  • hyperparathyroidism

Risk Factors for Acute Pancreatitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • excessive alcohol use
  • smoking
  • family history
  • bacterial infection

Prevention of Acute Pancreatitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Acute Pancreatitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid drinking alcoholic beverages
  • avoid eating fatty meals

Occurrence of Acute Pancreatitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Acute Pancreatitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Acute Pancreatitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Acute Pancreatitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Acute Pancreatitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Acute Pancreatitis:
  • Blood test: To look for elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes
  • Stool tests: To measure levels of fat
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan: To look for gallstones and assess the extent of pancreas inflammation
  • Abdominal ultrasound: To look for gallstones and pancreas inflammation
  • Endoscopic ultrasound: To look for inflammation and blockages in the pancreatic duct or bile duct
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To look for abnormalities in the gallbladder, pancreas and ducts

Doctor for Diagnosis of Acute Pancreatitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • General surgeon

Complications of Acute Pancreatitis if untreated

Yes, Acute Pancreatitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Acute Pancreatitis is left untreated:
  • pseudocyst
  • bacterial infection
  • kidney failure
  • breathing problems
  • diabetes
  • malnutrition
  • pancreatic cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis

The following procedures are used to treat Acute Pancreatitis:
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Helps diagnosing problems in the bile duct and pancreatic duct
  • Cholecystectomy: To remove gallbladder
  • Pancreas surgery: To drain fluid from pancreas or to remove diseased tissue

Self-care for Acute Pancreatitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • Stop drinking alcohol: Helps to recover from pancreatitis
  • Quit smoking: Helps relieving symptoms
  • Low-fat diet: Helps to recover from pancreatitis
  • Drink more fluids: Helps increasing hydration

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Acute Pancreatitis:
  • Meditation: Helps to cope with pancreatitis pain
  • Relaxation exercises: Helps relaxing the body
  • Yoga: Helps to cope up with pain
  • Acupuncture: Helps to cope up with pancreatitis pain

Time for Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Acute Pancreatitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 6/06/2019.
This page provides information for Acute Pancreatitis.

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