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ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

A disorder characterized by a marked pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is inconsistent with developmental level and clearly interferes with functioning in at least two settings (e.g. at home and at school). At least some of the symptoms must be present before the age of 7 years

Symptoms of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following features are indicative of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • hyperactivity
  • inattention
  • disruptive behavior
  • impulsivity
  • low self-esteem

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Common Causes of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following are the most common causes of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • genetic mutations
  • environmental factors
  • previous infection
  • trauma to the brain

Risk Factors for ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following factors may increase the likelihood of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • premature birth
  • genetic mutations in genes associated with dopamine neurotransmission
  • cigarette smoking
  • alcohol use
  • drug use during pregnancy
  • exposure to environmental toxins
  • low birth weight
  • brain injuries

Prevention of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

No, it is not possible to prevent ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children.
  • mutation in the 7 repeat variant of dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4–7R) gene is responsible for causing this disease, so cannot be prevented

Occurrence of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

Number of Cases

The following are the number of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Less than 18 year old

Common Gender

ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria: To diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Doctor for Diagnosis of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • Psychiatrist
  • Psychologist
  • Social worker

Complications of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children if untreated

Yes, ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children is left untreated:
  • learning disabilities
  • poor self-esteem
  • increased risk of drug and alcohol abuse
  • depression

Procedures for Treatment of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following procedures are used to treat ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • Behavioral therapy: Strengthen or learn positive behaviors and treat unwanted or problem behaviors

Self-care for ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • Try to keep a regular schedule for meals, naps and bedtime: Create a schedule for your healthy meals, bedtime or naps
  • Rest: Take a break and rest for some time
  • Identify difficult situations: Avoid difficult situations

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children:
  • Yoga or meditation: Relax and learn discipline
  • Neurofeedback training: Learn to keep brain wave patterns active in front of the brain
  • Exercise: Do exercise regularly

Patient Support for Treatment of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

The following actions may help ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children patients:
  • Show lots of affection to the child: Avoid focusing negative aspects of child's behavior and appreciate child
  • Spend time together with the child: Give more positive than negative attention to the child everyday
  • Strive for healthy family relationships: Make a good relationship among all family members

Time for Treatment of ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in Children.
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