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An anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of venturing out into open places or situations in which help (or escape) might not be available should excessive anxiety or panic symptoms develop

Symptoms of Agoraphobia

The following features are indicative of Agoraphobia:
  • fear of leaving home alone, crowds, enclosed spaces, open spaces, using public transportation
  • panic attack
  • rapid heart rate
  • trouble breathing or a feeling of choking
  • chest pain or pressure
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • feeling shaky, numb or tingling
  • excessive sweating
  • sudden flushing or chills
  • upset stomach or diarrhea
  • feeling a loss of control

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Common Causes of Agoraphobia

The following are the most common causes of Agoraphobia:
  • gene mutations
  • environmental stress

Risk Factors for Agoraphobia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Agoraphobia:
  • late teen or early adult years
  • more prominent in females
  • panic disorder or other phobias
  • experiencing stressful life events
  • anxious or nervous temperament
  • blood relative with agoraphobia

Prevention of Agoraphobia

No, it is not possible to prevent Agoraphobia.
  • DUP25 gene mutations

Occurrence of Agoraphobia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Agoraphobia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Agoraphobia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Agoraphobia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Agoraphobia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Agoraphobia:
  • Physical exam: To rule out other conditions that could be causing symptoms
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5): To rule out conditions that could be causing Agoraphobia

Doctor for Diagnosis of Agoraphobia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Agoraphobia:
  • Psychiatrist

Complications of Agoraphobia if untreated

Yes, Agoraphobia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Agoraphobia is left untreated:
  • depression
  • alcohol or drug abuse
  • anxiety disorders or personality disorders

Procedures for Treatment of Agoraphobia

The following procedures are used to treat Agoraphobia:
  • Psychotherapy: To set goals and learn practical skills to reduce anxiety symptoms

Medicines for Agoraphobia

Below is the list of medicines used for Agoraphobia:

Self-care for Agoraphobia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Agoraphobia:
  • Stick to treatment plan: Helps coming over the condition in short time
  • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs: To prevent worsening of panic or anxiety symptoms
  • Exercise regularly: Helps staying physically active
  • Eat healthy diet: Helps maintaining physical health

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Agoraphobia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Agoraphobia:
  • Herbal supplement kava: To treat anxiety but should be used under caution

Patient Support for Treatment of Agoraphobia

The following actions may help Agoraphobia patients:
  • Join a support group: Helps connecting to others facing similar challenges and share experiences

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Agoraphobia.

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