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An abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.

Symptoms of Alkalosis

The following features are indicative of Alkalosis:
  • confusion
  • lightheadedness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • hand tremor
  • prolonged muscle spasms
  • face numbness
  • feet numbness
  • hand numbness
  • muscle twitching

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Common Causes of Alkalosis

The following are the most common causes of Alkalosis:
  • lack of oxygen
  • low carbon dioxide in the blood
  • liver disease
  • being at high altitude
  • fever
  • lung disease causing (hyperventilate)

Other Causes of Alkalosis

The following are the less common causes of Alkalosis:
  • loss of chloride
  • increased blood bicarbonate level
  • loss of potassium
  • diuretics use
  • aspirin poisoning

Risk Factors for Alkalosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Alkalosis:
  • diuretics use
  • fever
  • liver disease
  • at high altitude
  • lung disease
  • aspirin poisoning

Prevention of Alkalosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Alkalosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain blood bicarbonate level
  • maintain blood chloride level
  • maintain blood potassium level

Occurrence of Alkalosis

Common Gender

Alkalosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Alkalosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Alkalosis:
  • Physical examination: To examine physical symptoms of the disease
  • Urinalysis: Physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
  • Arterial blood gas analysis: To analyse oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood
  • Urine pH: To measure urine acid
  • Electrolytes test: To confirm the diagnosis of alkalosis

Complications of Alkalosis if untreated

Yes, Alkalosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Alkalosis is left untreated:
  • coma
  • arrhythmias
  • electrolyte imbalance

Self-care for Alkalosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Alkalosis:
  • maintain blood bicarbonate level
  • maintain blood chloride level
  • maintain blood potassium level
  • breathing in paper bag during hyperventilation

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Alkalosis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Alkalosis:
  • Oxygen therapy: To prevent complications of low blood oxygen levels

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Alkalosis.

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