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An inflammatory skin condition caused by an immune response to direct contact between the skin and an allergen. It consists of a delayed type of allergic reaction at the affected site with resulting red, swollen, and blistered skin that may itch or leak.

Symptoms of Allergic dermatitis

The following features are indicative of Allergic dermatitis:
  • red rash on the skin
  • skin itching
  • dry skin
  • cracked skin
  • scaly skin
  • bumps
  • blisters
  • swelling in the skin
  • skin burning
  • skin tenderness
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Common Causes of Allergic dermatitis

The following are the most common causes of Allergic dermatitis:
  • exposures to even mild irritants such as solvents, rubbing alcohol, bleach, detergents, shampoos, airborne substances, fertilizers and pesticides
  • exposure to sunlight
  • exposure to diapers
  • exposure to baby wipes
  • exposure to allergens such as nickel, balsam of Peru, formaldehyde
  • use of certain medicines such as antibiotic creams and oral antihistamines

Risk Factors for Allergic dermatitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Allergic dermatitis:
  • metalworkers
  • construction workers
  • agricultural workers
  • cooks
  • health care and dental employees
  • hairdressers

Prevention of Allergic dermatitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Allergic dermatitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear protective clothing or gloves
  • use moisturizer
  • apply a barrier cream or gel

Occurrence of Allergic dermatitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Allergic dermatitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Allergic dermatitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Allergic dermatitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Allergic dermatitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Allergic dermatitis:
  • Patch test: To determine the cause of an allergic contact dermatitis

Complications of Allergic dermatitis if untreated

Yes, Allergic dermatitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Allergic dermatitis is left untreated:
  • bacterial skin infections

Self-care for Allergic dermatitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Allergic dermatitis:
  • Use moisturizer: Helps treating the condition of allergic dermatitis
  • Avoid scratching: Helps to prevent allergic dermatitis
  • Apply cool, wet compresses: Helps in protecting the skin and prevent scratching

Time for Treatment of Allergic dermatitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Allergic dermatitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Allergic dermatitis.

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