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Anal Disorders

Also called: Anorectal diseases

The anus is the opening of the rectum through which stool passes out of your body. Problems with the anus are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, fissures (cracks), and cancer.

You may be embarrassed to talk about your anal troubles. But it is important to let your doctor know, especially if you have pain or bleeding. The more details you can give about your problem, the better your doctor will be able to help you. Treatments vary depending on the particular problem.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Anal Disorders

The following features are indicative of Anal Disorders:
  • pain in the perianal area
  • constipation
  • drainage from the rectum
  • fever
  • chills
  • palpable mass near the anus
  • itchiness
  • burning sensation
  • pus discharge
  • blood
  • diarrhea
  • swelling in around the rectum and anus

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Common Causes of Anal Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Anal Disorders:
  • constipation
  • chronic diarrhea
  • hereditary factors
  • excessive sweating in the area around the anus
  • aging

Risk Factors for Anal Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Anal Disorders:
  • high daily salt intake
  • history of diabetes
  • being hyperlipidemic
  • suffering from dermatosis
  • history of anorectal surgery
  • history of smoking and alcohol intake
  • sedentary lifestyle
  • excessive intake of spicy food
  • prolonged sitting on the toilet for defecation

Prevention of Anal Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Anal Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink plenty of water to avoid constipation
  • keep anal area clean and dry
  • use of condoms during intercourse
  • high fiber intake

Occurrence of Anal Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Anal Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Anal Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Anal Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Anal Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Anal Disorders:
  • Colonoscopy: To view the entire colon and rectum
  • Digital Rectal Exam: To diagnose the lower rectum, pelvis, and lower belly for cancer and other health problems
  • Lower gastrointestinal tract radiography: To detect disease and abnormalities and diagnose symptoms and to avoid more invasive procedures
  • Lower gastrointestinal series: To view the large intestine
  • Testing of the Anorectal and Pelvic Floor Area: To analyse the anatomic defects

Doctor for Diagnosis of Anal Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Anal Disorders:
  • Primary care physicians
  • Gastroenterologists

Complications of Anal Disorders if untreated

Yes, Anal Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Anal Disorders is left untreated:
  • fecal incontinence
  • bleeding

Procedures for Treatment of Anal Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Anal Disorders:
  • Surgical excision: To control pain
  • Rubber band ligation: To decrease the amount of redundant tissue
  • Sclerotherapy: To increase fixation of the hemorrhoid tissue to the wall of the rectum
  • Infrared coagulation: To decrease vascularity
  • Hemorrhoidopexy: To fix the anal cushions in place and resect the tissue
  • Hemorrhoidectomy: To remove hemorrhoids
  • Sphincterotomy: To treat anal fissure
  • Incision and drainage: To prevent spread, recurrence, and subsequent fistulization
  • Sacral nerve stimulation: Improves squeeze pressures of the anal sphincter and rectal sensation

Self-care for Anal Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Anal Disorders:
  • Increase water intake

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Anal Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Anal Disorders:
  • Fiber therapy: Helps in providing relief of constipation
  • Biofeedback therapy: Improves muscular strength and control of the pelvic floor

Patient Support for Treatment of Anal Disorders

The following actions may help Anal Disorders patients:
  • Education: Educate the patients about keeping the perianal area dry and clean

Time for Treatment of Anal Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Anal Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Anal Disorders.
Anal Cancer
Hemorrhoids
Rectal Disorders

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