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An aneurysm is a bulge or "ballooning" in the wall of an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of the body. If an aneurysm grows large, it can burst and cause dangerous bleeding or even death.

Most aneurysms occur in the aorta, the main artery that runs from the heart through the chest and abdomen. Aneurysms also can happen in arteries in the brain, heart and other parts of the body. If an aneurysm in the brain bursts, it causes a stroke.

Aneurysms can develop and become large before causing any symptoms. Often doctors can stop aneurysms from bursting if they find and treat them early. They use imaging tests to find aneurysms. Often aneurysms are found by chance during tests done for other reasons. Medicines and surgery are the two main treatments for aneurysms.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Aneurysms

The following features are indicative of Aneurysms:
  • fatigue
  • loss of perception
  • loss of balance
  • speech problems
  • double vision
  • flank pain and tenderness
  • hypertension
  • haematuria
  • signs of hypovolemic shock
It is possible that Aneurysms shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Aneurysms

The following are the most common causes of Aneurysms:
  • aging
  • smoking
  • high blood pressure
  • atherosclerosis

Other Causes of Aneurysms

The following are the less common causes of Aneurysms:
  • brain infections
  • family history of aneurysms
  • trauma such as car accidents
  • Marfan syndrome

Risk Factors for Aneurysms

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Aneurysms:
  • diabetic
  • obese
  • hypertension
  • tobacco use
  • alcoholism
  • having high cholesterol levels
  • having copper deficiency
  • increasing age
  • tertiary syphilis infection

Prevention of Aneurysms

No, it is not possible to prevent Aneurysms.
  • TGFBR2 gene mutations

Occurrence of Aneurysms

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Aneurysms cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Extremely rare less than 1000 cases

Common Age Group

Aneurysms most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Aneurysms can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Aneurysms

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Aneurysms:
  • Ultrasound and Echocardiography: To check the size of an aortic aneurysm
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: To check the size and shape of an aneurysm
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To detect aneurysms, its size and its exact location
  • Angiography: To detect the size and location of an aortic aneurysm

Doctor for Diagnosis of Aneurysms

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Aneurysms:
  • Primary care doctor
  • Cardiothoracic surgeon
  • Vascular surgeon

Complications of Aneurysms if untreated

Yes, Aneurysms causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Aneurysms is left untreated:
  • risk of rupture

Procedures for Treatment of Aneurysms

The following procedures are used to treat Aneurysms:
  • Surgery: If aneurysm is growing quickly
  • Open Abdominal or Open Chest Repair: Involves a major incision in the abdomen or chest to remove aneurysm
  • Endovascular Repair: A graft is inserted into the aorta to strengthen it

Self-care for Aneurysms

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Aneurysms:
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid secondhand smoke
  • Have healthy diet: Take a healthy diet which includes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, poultry, meats, fish, beans, low-fat or fat-free milk or milk products
  • Be Physically active: Regularly do exercise

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Aneurysms

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Aneurysms:
  • Eat a healthy diet: To treat aneurysms
  • Physical therapy: Helps to lower blood pressure

Time for Treatment of Aneurysms

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Aneurysms to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Aneurysms.

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