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    Angina

    Health    Angina

    Angina is chest pain or discomfort you feel when there is not enough blood flow to your heart muscle. Your heart muscle needs the oxygen that the blood carries. Angina may feel like pressure or a squeezing pain in your chest. It may feel like indigestion. You may also feel pain in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back.

    Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease (CAD), the most common heart disease. CAD happens when a sticky substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, reducing blood flow.

    There are three types of angina:

    • Stable angina is the most common type. It happens when the heart is working harder than usual. Stable angina has a regular pattern. Rest and medicines usually help.
    • Unstable angina is the most dangerous. It does not follow a pattern and can happen without physical exertion. It does not go away with rest or medicine. It is a sign that you could have a heart attack soon.
    • Variant angina is rare. It happens when you are resting. Medicines can help.

    Not all chest pain or discomfort is angina. If you have chest pain, you should see your health care provider.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Angina

    The following features are indicative of Angina:
    • discomfort
    • pain
    • nausea
    • fatigue
    • shortness of breath
    • sweating
    • light-headedness
    • weakness
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Angina

    The following are the most common causes of Angina:
    • smoking
    • high blood pressure
    • high levels of cholesterol and fats in the blood
    • high amount of blood sugar due to diabetes
    References: 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Angina

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Angina:
    • smoking
    • diabetes
    • high cholesterol
    • high blood pressure
    • sedentary lifestyle
    • family history of premature heart disease

    Prevention of Angina

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Angina. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • quit smoking
    • avoid secondhand smoke
    • follow a healthy diet
    • maintain a healthy weight
    • learn how to handle stress
    • keep yourself physically active
    References: 4

    Occurrence of Angina.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Angina cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Angina most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged > 50 years

    Common Gender

    Angina most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3, 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Angina

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Angina:
    • Electrocardiogram: To detect the signs of previous or current heart attack and the signs of heart damage due to coronary heart disease
    • Stress testing: To detect the signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease
    • Chest X-ray: To detect the signs of heart failure, lung disorders and other problems
    • Coronary Angiography and Cardiac Catheterization: To diagnose coronary heart disease
    • Computed Tomography Angiography: To check the blood flow through coronary arteries
    • Blood tests: To measure the levels of cholesterol, fats, proteins and sugar in the blood
    References: 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Angina:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Angina:
    • Exercise specialist
    • Physical and occupational therapist
    • Dietitian
    • Nutritionist
    • Psychologists

    Complications of Angina if Untreated

    Yes, Angina causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Angina is left untreated:
    • heart attack
    References: 7

    Procedures for Treatment of Angina

    The following procedures are used to treat Angina:
    • Angioplasty and stenting: Improves blood flow in the heart and eliminates or reduces angina
    • Coronary artery bypass surgery: Increases blood flow to the heart and eliminates or reduces angina
    References: 7

    Self-care for Angina

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Angina:
    • Quit smoking
    • Have healthy diet: Eat a healthy diet which includes fruits, vegetables and whole grains
    • Reduce weight: Maintain or lose your weight
    • Avoid large meals: Eat food in small quantity to prevent fullness
    • Exercise regularly
    References: 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Angina

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Angina:
    • Eat a healthy diet: To treat angina
    • Physical therapy: Helps to relieve stress
    References: 7

    Time for Treatment of Angina

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Angina to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • Within 1 day
    References: 8

    Questions - Angina

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Angina

    Latest news and updates related to Angina. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Kapspargo Sprinkle Available to Treat Hypertension, Angina, Heart Failure

    Tuesday, August 07, 2018 -- For patients unable to swallow an intact capsule, the pellets can be sprinkled over soft food (eg, applesauce, yogurt, pudding) or given via a nasogastric (NG) tube.

    Outcomes of Treatment Strategies in T2D, Stable CAD According to Angina Severity

    Thursday, July 05, 2018 -- Investigators demonstrated that angina severity at baseline should be a less important aspect of the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.

    Arterial stents help angina patients live symptom free compared with placebo

    Thursday, May 24, 2018 -- Angina patients who receive an arterial stent are more likely to be free from symptoms compared to those who receive a placebo treatment.

    ORBITA: Physiology Predicts PCI Impact on Ischemia in Stable Angina

    Tuesday, May 22, 2018 -- (MedPage Today) -- But still no symptom advantage over sham in further-adjusted analysis

    Coronary Sinus Reducer Implantation for the Treatment of Chronic Refractory Angina: A Single-Center Experience

    Monday, April 16, 2018 -- AbstractObjectives The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the Reducer in a real-world cohort of patients presenting with refractory angina. Background The coronary sinus Reducer is a novel device to aid in the management of patients with severe angina symptoms refractory to optimal medical therapy and not amenable to further revascularization. Methods Fifty patients with refractory angina and objective evidence of myocardial ischemia who were judged unsuitable for revascularization were treated with coronary sinus Reducer implantation at a single center between March 2015 and August 2016. Safety endpoints were procedural success and the absence of device-related adverse events. Efficacy endpoints, assessed at 4- and 12-month follow-up, were a reduction in Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class,

    References

    1. NIH What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Angina? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. NIH What Causes Angina? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Wikipedia Angina pectoris https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angina_pec... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. NIH How Can Angina Be Prevented? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. NIH Who Is at Risk for Angina? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. NIH Angina https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angina_pec... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Angina http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. NIH Angina https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/angina.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/04/2018.
    This page provides information for Angina.