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    Anxiety

    Health    Anxiety

    Fear and anxiety are part of life. You may feel anxious before you take a test or walk down a dark street. This kind of anxiety is useful - it can make you more alert or careful. It usually ends soon after you are out of the situation that caused it. But for millions of people in the United States, the anxiety does not go away, and gets worse over time. They may have chest pains or nightmares. They may even be afraid to leave home. These people have anxiety disorders. Types include

    Treatment can involve medicines, therapy or both.

    NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

    Symptoms of Anxiety

    The following features are indicative of Anxiety:
    • headache
    • paresthesias
    • vertigo
    • nausea
    • diarrhea
    • indigestion
    • dry mouth
    • shortness of breath
    • sighing breathing
    • palpitations
    • tachycardia
    • chest pain
    • fatigue
    • tremors
    • tetany
    • frequent urination
    • urinary urgency
    It is possible that Anxiety shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Anxiety

    The following are the most common causes of Anxiety:
    • genetic factors
    • alcohol use
    • history of child abuse
    • family history of mental disorders
    • major depressive disorder
    • personality disorder
    References: 1

    Other Causes of Anxiety

    The following are the less common causes of Anxiety:
    • hyperthyroidism
    • hyperprolactinemia
    • diabetes
    • deficiency states
    • low levels of vitamin D
    • gastrointestinal diseases
    • celiac disease
    • non-celiac gluten sensitivity
    • inflammatory bowel disease
    • heart diseases
    • blood diseases
    • cerebral vascular accidents
    References: 1

    Risk Factors of Anxiety

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Anxiety:
    • genetics and family history
    • suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
    • having asthma
    • alcohol consumption
    • use of sedatives and opioid
    • having poor coping skills
    • people with high neuroticism indexes
    • history of trauma

    Prevention of Anxiety

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Anxiety. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • providing emotional support and motivation to the people at risk
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Anxiety.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Anxiety cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Anxiety most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 20-35 years

    Common Gender

    Anxiety most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 1

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Anxiety

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Anxiety:
    • GAD-7 screening tool - To diagnose the disease
    References: 3, 4

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Anxiety:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Anxiety:
    • Psychiatrist

    Complications of Anxiety if Untreated

    Yes, Anxiety causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Anxiety is left untreated:
    • neuropsychiatric disorders
    • depression
    • dementia
    References: 5

    Procedures for Treatment of Anxiety

    The following procedures are used to treat Anxiety:
    • Cognitive behavioral therapy: To improve symptoms
    References: 6

    Self-care for Anxiety

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Anxiety:
    • Stay Physically Active: Exercise reduces the stress and helps you to stay healthy
    • Avoid alcohol: Alcohol intake worsens the anxiety
    • Quit Smoking and Coffee: Both nicotine and caffeine worsens the condition of anxiety
    • Adopt relaxation techniques: Meditation and yoga are examples of the relaxation techniques that ease the anxiety
    • Get enough sleep: Enough sleep can help to reduce the anxiety
    • Have healthy Food: Vegetables, fruits, whole grains and fish can help to reduce the anxiety
    References: 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Anxiety

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Anxiety:
    • Psychotherapy: Helps to reduce your anxiety symptoms
    • Physical therapy: Helps to stay healthy
    • Eat healthy diet: To reduce anxiety
    References: 8

    Time for Treatment of Anxiety

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Anxiety to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 3 - 6 months
    References: 9

    Questions - Anxiety

    Having fear and anxiety is part of life and it is usually due to a stressor, however when anxiety does not go away and it gets worse over time then it might be an anxiety disorder. There are different types of anxiety disorders that include panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, phobias and generalized anxiety disorder. The latter, Generalized Anxiety Disorder or GAD is a mental disorder in which a person is anxious about many things and finds it difficult to control the anxiety. The cause of this condition is unknown, but genes and stress may play a role. The main symptom is frequent worry or tension for at least six months.
    
    There are no tests to diagnose this condition, but the diagnosis is based on a series of questions that are asked by a medical provider. If you are feeling constantly worried or anxious then it is best to contact a healthcare provider for more information and help.
    
    References
    1. Anxiety. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/anxiety.html. Accessed June 4, 2018
    2. Generalized Anxiety Disorder. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000917.htm. Accessed June 4, 2018
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    Yes, anxiety can cause shortness of breath. A panic disorder is a specific type of anxiety disorder where shortness of breath can result. Individuals with panic disorder can experience sudden periods of intense fear that can lead to shortness of breath.
    
    References
    1. Nimh.nih.gov. (2018). Anxiety Disorders. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml Accessed May 22, 2018
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    References

    1. Wikipedia Anxiety https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Lau EX, Rapee RM. Prevention of anxiety disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2011;13(4):258-66. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2148... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. AMY B. LOCKE, NELL KIRST, and CAMERON G. SHULTZ Diagnosis and Management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder in Adults http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p617.p... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Katherine Sorsdahl, Carlos Blanco, Donald S. Rae, Harold Pincus, William E. Narrow, Sharain Suliman Treatment of anxiety disorders by psychiatrists from the American Psychiatric Practice Research Network http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbp/v35n2/1516-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mah L, Szabuniewicz C, Fiocco AJ. Can anxiety damage the brain?. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2016;29(1):56-63. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2665... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Generalized anxiety disorder http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Generalized anxiety disorder http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Mayo Clinic Generalized anxiety disorder http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Huh J, Goebert D, Takeshita J, Lu BY, Kang M. Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: a comprehensive review of the literature for psychopharmacologic alternatives to newer antidepressants and benzodiazepines. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2011;13(2) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/anxiety.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/07/2018.
    This page provides information for Anxiety.

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