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Fear and anxiety are part of life. You may feel anxious before you take a test or walk down a dark street. This kind of anxiety is useful - it can make you more alert or careful. It usually ends soon after you are out of the situation that caused it. But for millions of people in the United States, the anxiety does not go away, and gets worse over time. They may have chest pains or nightmares. They may even be afraid to leave home. These people have anxiety disorders. Types include

Treatment can involve medicines, therapy or both.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Symptoms of Anxiety

The following features are indicative of Anxiety:
  • headache
  • paresthesia
  • vertigo
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • indigestion
  • dry mouth
  • shortness of breath
  • sighing breathing
  • palpitations
  • tachycardia
  • chest pain
  • fatigue
  • tremors
  • tetany
  • frequent urination
It is possible that Anxiety shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

Common Causes of Anxiety

The following are the most common causes of Anxiety:
  • alcohol use
  • history of child abuse
  • family history of mental disorders
  • major depressive disorder
  • personality disorder
  • genetic factors

Other Causes of Anxiety

The following are the less common causes of Anxiety:
  • hyperthyroidism
  • hyperprolactinemia
  • diabetes
  • deficiency states
  • low levels of vitamin D
  • gastrointestinal diseases
  • celiac disease
  • non-celiac gluten sensitivity
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • heart diseases
  • blood diseases
  • cerebral vascular accidents

Risk Factors for Anxiety

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Anxiety:
  • genetics and family history
  • suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
  • having asthma
  • alcohol consumption
  • use of sedatives and opioid
  • having poor coping skills
  • people with high neuroticism indexes
  • history of trauma

Prevention of Anxiety

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Anxiety. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • providing emotional support and motivation to the people at risk

Occurrence of Anxiety

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Anxiety cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Anxiety most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Anxiety can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Anxiety

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Anxiety:
  • Generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7) screening: To diagnose the disease

Doctor for Diagnosis of Anxiety

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Anxiety:
  • Psychiatrist

Complications of Anxiety if Untreated

Yes, Anxiety causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Anxiety is left untreated:
  • neuropsychiatric disorders
  • depression
  • dementia

Procedures for Treatment of Anxiety

The following procedures are used to treat Anxiety:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy: To improve symptoms

Medicines for Anxiety

Below is the list of medicines used for Anxiety:

Self-care for Anxiety

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Anxiety:
  • Stay Physically Active: Exercise reduces the stress and helps you to stay healthy
  • Avoid alcohol: Alcohol intake worsens the anxiety
  • Quit Smoking and Coffee: Both nicotine and caffeine worsens the condition of anxiety
  • Adopt relaxation techniques: Meditation and yoga are examples of the relaxation techniques that ease the anxiety
  • Get enough sleep: Enough sleep can help to reduce the anxiety
  • Have healthy Food: Vegetables, fruits, whole grains and fish can help to reduce the anxiety

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Anxiety

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Anxiety:
  • Psychotherapy: Helps to reduce the anxiety symptoms
  • Physical therapy: Helps to stay healthy
  • Eat healthy diet: To reduce anxiety

Time for Treatment of Anxiety

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Anxiety to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/04/2018.
This page provides information for Anxiety.