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Depletion of stem cells in the bone marrow that results in the lack of production of hematopoietic cells

Symptoms of Aplastic Anaemia

The following features are indicative of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • coldness in the hands or feet
  • pale skin
  • chest pain
  • fever
  • flu-like illnesses
  • infections
  • nausea
  • skin rashes

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Common Causes of Aplastic Anaemia

The following are the most common causes of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • exposure to toxins such as arsenic, benzene, pesticides
  • radiation and chemotherapy
  • use of chloramphenicol
  • infectious diseases
  • autoimmune disorders
  • pregnancy

Other Causes of Aplastic Anaemia

The following are the less common causes of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Shwachman-Diamond syndrome
  • dyskeratosis congenita
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia

Risk Factors for Aplastic Anaemia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • high-dose radiation or chemotherapy
  • exposure to toxins
  • chloramphenicol use
  • blood diseases
  • autoimmune disorders
  • serious infections
  • pregnancy

Prevention of Aplastic Anaemia

No, it is not possible to prevent Aplastic Anaemia.
  • damaged bone marrow stem cells

Occurrence of Aplastic Anaemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Aplastic Anaemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Aplastic Anaemia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Aplastic Anaemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Aplastic Anaemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Complete blood count: To count total number of cells in the blood
  • Reticulocyte count: To count total number of young red blood cells
  • Bone marrow tests: To check whether bone marrow is healthy and making proper blood cells
  • X-ray: To check enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: To check enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen
  • Ultrasound imaging test: To check enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen
  • Chest X-ray: To rule out infections

Doctor for Diagnosis of Aplastic Anaemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Hematologist

Complications of Aplastic Anaemia if untreated

Yes, Aplastic Anaemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Aplastic Anaemia is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Aplastic Anaemia

The following procedures are used to treat Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Blood transfusions: Control bleeding and relieve anemia symptoms
  • Stem cell transplant: Rebuild the bone marrow with stem cells from a donor

Self-care for Aplastic Anaemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Avoid contact sports: Avoid activities that may result in fall or a cut
  • Protection from germs: Frequently wash your hands and avoid contact with sick people
  • Rest: Take a break and rest when you need

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Aplastic Anaemia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Aplastic Anaemia:
  • Bone marrow transplantation: Stem cells are collected from bone marrow and transplanted into a patient

Patient Support for Treatment of Aplastic Anaemia

The following actions may help Aplastic Anaemia patients:
  • Education: Learn about the disease and make treatment decisions
  • Seek support: Ask friends and family for emotional support

Time for Treatment of Aplastic Anaemia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Aplastic Anaemia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Aplastic Anaemia.

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