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If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged. Some kinds of arthritis can also cause problems in your organs, such as your eyes or skin.

Types of arthritis include

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It's often related to aging or to an injury.
  • Autoimmune arthritis happens when your body's immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of arthritis.
  • Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens in children.
  • Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint.
  • Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis.
  • Gout is a painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Arthritis

The following features are indicative of Arthritis:
  • pain
  • swelling
  • joint stiffness
  • malaise
  • fatigue
  • tenderness
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of flexibility
  • decreased mobility
It is possible that Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

Common Causes of Arthritis

The following are the most common causes of Arthritis:
  • increased uric acid levels
  • family history
  • overweight

Risk Factors for Arthritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Arthritis:
  • advanced age
  • men
  • obesity
  • previous joint injury
  • family history

Prevention of Arthritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Arthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain normal body weight
  • prevent joints from injuries

Occurrence of Arthritis

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Arthritis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Arthritis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Arthritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Arthritis:
  • X-rays: To visualize bone and view cartilage loss, bone damage and bone spurs
  • Computerized tomography scan: To visualize both bone and the surrounding soft tissues
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To produce more-detailed cross-sectional images of soft tissues
  • Ultrasound: To view soft tissues, cartilage and fluid-containing structures

Doctor for Diagnosis of Arthritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Arthritis:
  • Primary care practitioner
  • Rheumatologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Osteopathic physician
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Physician assistant
  • Registered nurse
  • Pharmacist
  • Physiatrist
  • Podiatrist
  • Psychiatrist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Physical therapist
  • Psychologist
  • Social worker
  • Acupuncturist
  • Chiropractor
  • Teamlet

Complications of Arthritis if Untreated

Yes, Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Arthritis is left untreated:
  • joints may become twisted and deformed
  • joint damage

Procedures for Treatment of Arthritis

The following procedures are used to treat Arthritis:
  • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one
  • Joint repair: Reduces pain and improve function
  • Joint fusion: Removes the ends of the two bones in the joint

Medicines for Arthritis

Below is the list of medicines used for Arthritis:

Self-care for Arthritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
  • Exercise regularly: Strengthen the muscles surrounding joints
  • Lose weight: Reduces the stress on your weight-bearing joints
  • Quit smoking: Reduces stress on connective tissues

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Arthritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
  • Acupuncture: Reduce many types of pain, including that caused by some types of arthritis
  • Yoga: Improve joint flexibility and range of motion in people with some types of arthritis
  • Use glucosamine: Relieves arthritis pain
  • Massage: Increases blood flow and warm affected joints

Patient Support for Treatment of Arthritis

The following actions may help Arthritis patients:
  • Patient education and support: Improves or maintain function and quality of life

Time for Treatment of Arthritis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/14/2018.
This page provides information for Arthritis.