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    If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged. Some kinds of arthritis can also cause problems in your organs, such as your eyes or skin.

    Types of arthritis include

    • Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It's often related to aging or to an injury.
    • Autoimmune arthritis happens when your body's immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of arthritis.
    • Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens in children.
    • Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint.
    • Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis.
    • Gout is a painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe.

    NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

    Symptoms of Arthritis

    The following features are indicative of Arthritis:
    • pain
    • swelling
    • joint stiffness
    • malaise
    • fatigue
    • tenderness
    • muscle weakness
    • loss of flexibility
    • decreased mobility
    It is possible that Arthritis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Arthritis

    The following are the most common causes of Arthritis:
    • increased uric acid levels
    • family history
    • overweight
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Arthritis

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Arthritis:
    • advanced age
    • men
    • obesity
    • previous joint injury
    • family history

    Prevention of Arthritis

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Arthritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • maintain normal body weight
    • prevent joints from injuries
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Arthritis.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Arthritis cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Arthritis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Arthritis

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Arthritis:
    • X-rays: To visualize bone and view cartilage loss, bone damage and bone spurs
    • Computerized tomography scan: To visualize both bone and the surrounding soft tissues
    • Magnetic resonance imaging: To produce more-detailed cross-sectional images of soft tissues
    • Ultrasound: To view soft tissues, cartilage and fluid-containing structures
    References: 5, 6

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Arthritis:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Arthritis:
    • Primary care practitioner
    • Rheumatologist
    • Orthopedic surgeon
    • Osteopathic physician
    • Nurse practitioner
    • Physician assistant
    • Registered nurse
    • Pharmacist
    • Physiatrist
    • Podiatrist
    • Psychiatrist
    • Occupational therapist
    • Physical therapist
    • Psychologist
    • Social worker
    • Acupuncturist
    • Chiropractor
    • Teamlet

    Complications of Arthritis if Untreated

    Yes, Arthritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Arthritis is left untreated:
    • joints may become twisted and deformed
    • joint damage
    References: 5, 7

    Procedures for Treatment of Arthritis

    The following procedures are used to treat Arthritis:
    • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one
    • Joint repair: Reduces pain and improve function
    • Joint fusion: Removes the ends of the two bones in the joint
    References: 8

    Self-care for Arthritis

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
    • Exercise regularly: Strengthen the muscles surrounding joints
    • Lose weight: Reduces the stress on your weight-bearing joints
    • Quit smoking: Reduces stress on connective tissues
    References: 8, 9

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Arthritis

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Arthritis:
    • Acupuncture: Reduce many types of pain, including that caused by some types of arthritis
    • Yoga: Improve joint flexibility and range of motion in people with some types of arthritis
    • Use glucosamine: Relieves arthritis pain
    • Massage: Increases blood flow and warm affected joints
    References: 8

    Patient Support for Treatment of Arthritis

    The following actions may help Arthritis patients:
    • Patient education and support: Improves or maintain function and quality of life
    References: 10

    Time for Treatment of Arthritis

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Arthritis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 3 months
    References: 1, 11

    Questions - Arthritis

    Dietetics, hypertention (under control with medication), past history of hyperthyroidism, arthritis (hand), swollen leg (suspected due to overdose of steroid, withdrawal stage symptom) At first doctor prescript ketotop plaster to my mum because she seems to have frozen shoulder and probably shoulder arthritis. After x-ray, the bone and joint have no problem at all. The Orthopedic say it might be nerve issue. Can she continue using the ketotop plaster? Or is there anything else recommended to reduce her pain? She can't raise both her arm when first wake up, the pain goes all the way to back of the neck.
    Before I answer your question, I would like to say that I have a background in Pharmaceutical chemistry and I am not a doctor. To be sure, please consult a Physician.
    Ketotop Plaster is used for Osteoarthritis, Inflammation after soft tissue injuries, Inflammation in backbone, Rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions.  If the X-ray does not identify any problem related to bones and joints, then stop taking Ketotop Plaster. 
    Before taking any other medication, please consult a neurologist and confirm the reason for pain.
    Share the link to this answer
    Yes, arthritis is diagnosed by a doctor using laboratory tests and x-rays in addition to a physical exam with a thorough medical history. Arthritis is a disease characterized by pain and inflammation in your joints that makes it difficult to move around. Joints are the points where your bones meet throughout your body, for example, your knees and elbows. X-rays can help identify arthritis because x-rays show images of the inside of your body in different shades of black and white.
    X-rays are a type of electromagnetic waves that are absorbed by the body, the calcium in our bones is able to absorb the most and as a result bones look white. This allows for doctors to be able to see your bones clearly and identify the inflammation that characterizes arthritis.
    1. Arthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. URL: Accessed March 21, 2018
    2. X-Rays. MedlinePlus. URL: Accessed March 21, 2018
    Share the link to this answer

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Arthritis

    Latest news and updates related to Arthritis. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Glucocorticoid Use Increases Risk for Vertebral Fractures in Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Thursday, April 12, 2018 -- Investigators sought to determine the various types of fractures in patients using glucocorticoids in rheumatoid arthritis.

    Acupuncture Beats Drug For Knee Arthritis Relief

    Thursday, April 12, 2018 -- Acupuncture combined with moxibustion is more effective for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis than meloxicam (a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). Researchers from Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine quantified the curative effect of warm needle acupuncture using micro-CT (computed tomography). [1] In the study, acupuncture combined with moxibustion successfully improves the condition of the osteoarthritic knee bone structure. In addition, knee cartilage scores document that acupuncture with moxibustion reduces inflammation and accelerates knee cartilage repair.

    Flare Risk Examined in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis After Anti-TNF Therapy Discontinuation

    Wednesday, April 11, 2018 -- Researchers sought to determine the predictors of disease flare after anti-TNF therapy discontinuation in children with polyarticular forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis with sustained clinically inactive disease.

    Apremilast Monotherapy Effective for DMARD-Naive Psoriatic Arthritis

    Tuesday, April 10, 2018 -- The PALACE 4 trial found that apremilast monotherapy improved symptoms and was generally well-tolerated in DMARD-naïve psoriatic arthritis.

    Rheumatoid Arthritis Not as Likely to Increase CVD Risk as Diabetes

    Tuesday, April 10, 2018 -- Using both public and private health insurance claims data, investigators conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess cardiovascular risk in the setting of diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.


    1. Wikipedia Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Mayo Clinic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mayoclinic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Arthritis Foundation Your Health Care Team: More Than a Doctor and Nurse - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Arthritis Foundation What Is Arthritis? - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Mayo Clinic Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Mayo Clinic Arthritis pain: Do's and don'ts - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. CDC Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. NIH Arthritis - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 4/14/2018.
    This page provides information for Arthritis.