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Aspergillosis is a disease caused by a fungus (or mold) called Aspergillus. The fungus is very common in both indoors and outdoors. Most people breathe in the spores of the fungus every day without being affected. But some people get the disease. It usually occurs in people with lung diseases or weakened immune systems.

There are different kinds of aspergillosis. One kind is allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (also called ABPA). Symptoms of ABPA include wheezing and coughing. ABPA can affect healthy people but it is most common in people with asthma or cystic fibrosis.

Another kind is invasive aspergillosis, which damages tissues in the body. It usually affects the lungs. Sometimes it can also cause infection in other organs and spread throughout the body. It affects people who have immune system problems, such as people who have had a transplant, are taking high doses of steroids, or getting chemotherapy for some cancers.

Your doctor might do a variety of tests to make the diagnosis, including a chest x-ray, CT scan of the lungs, and an examination of tissues for signs of the fungus. Treatment is with antifungal drugs. If you have ABPA, you may also take steroids.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Aspergillosis

The following features are indicative of Aspergillosis:
  • chest pain
  • bleeding
  • cough
  • fever
  • difficulty in breathing
  • chills
  • shock
  • delirium
  • seizures
  • blood clots
It is possible that Aspergillosis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Aspergillosis

The following are the most common causes of Aspergillosis:
  • fungus Aspergillus

Risk Factors for Aspergillosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Aspergillosis:
  • exposure to Aspergillus sources

Prevention of Aspergillosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Aspergillosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • reduction of mold exposure via environmental infection-control

Occurrence of Aspergillosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Aspergillosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Aspergillosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Aspergillosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Aspergillosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Aspergillosis:
  • Chest X Ray: To produce the medical images of the lungs or other parts of the body depending on the area of suspected infection

Doctor for Diagnosis of Aspergillosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Aspergillosis:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Aspergillosis if untreated

Yes, Aspergillosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Aspergillosis is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Self-care for Aspergillosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Aspergillosis:
  • Avoid mold exposure

Time for Treatment of Aspergillosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Aspergillosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Aspergillosis.

Related Topics

Fungal Infections
Molds

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