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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Health    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Also called: ADHD
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Are you suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but ADHD lasts more than 6 months and causes problems in school, at home and in social situations.

ADHD is more common in boys than girls. It affects 3-5 percent of all American children.

The main features of ADHD are

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

No one knows exactly what causes ADHD. It sometimes runs in families, so genetics may be a factor. There may also be environmental factors.

A complete evaluation by a trained professional is the only way to know for sure if your child has ADHD. Treatment may include medicine to control symptoms, therapy, or both. Structure at home and at school is important. Parent training may also help.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following features are indicative of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • hyperactivity
  • inattention
  • disruptive behavior
  • impulsivity
References: 1

Common Causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following are the most common causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • heredity
  • alcohol intake during pregnancy
  • trauma to the brain
  • exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • cigarette smoking
  • alcohol use
  • drug use during pregnancy
  • exposure to environmental toxins
  • low birth weight
  • brain injuries

Prevention of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

No, it is not possible to prevent Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
  • genetic mutations in LPHN3 and CDH13 genes
References: 1

Occurrence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can occur in any gender.
References: 1

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • DSM-5 criteria: To diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
References: 3, 4

Doctor for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • Psychiatrist
  • Psychologist
  • Social worker

Complications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder if Untreated

Yes, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is left untreated:
  • learning disabilities
  • poor self-esteem
  • increased risk of drug and alcohol abuse
  • depression
References: 5

Procedures for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following procedures are used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • Behavioral therapy: Strengthen or learn positive behaviors and treat unwanted or problem behaviors
References: 1

Self-care for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • Follow proper meal schedule: Try to keep a regular schedule for meals, naps and bedtime
  • Take proper rest: Take a break and rest for some time
References: 6

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
  • Do yoga: Stretch and strengthen muscles and improves posture
  • Meditation therapy: Relax and learn discipline
  • Neurofeedback training: Learn to keep brain wave patterns active in front of the brain
  • Exercise: Do exercise regularly
  • Vitamin or mineral supplements: To reduce symptoms of ADHD
References: 7

Patient Support for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The following actions may help Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder patients:
  • Show lots of affection to your child: Love and appreciate your child
  • Take time to enjoy your child: Spend time together with your child
  • Strive for healthy family relationships: Make a good relationship among all family members
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year
References: 1

References

  1. Wikipedia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attention_... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. NIH Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/a... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. CDC Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-cond... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorder.html

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/08/2018.
This page provides information for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

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