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    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Health    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    Also called: ADHD

    Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but ADHD lasts more than 6 months and causes problems in school, at home and in social situations.

    ADHD is more common in boys than girls. It affects 3-5 percent of all American children.

    The main features of ADHD are

    • Inattention
    • Hyperactivity
    • Impulsivity

    No one knows exactly what causes ADHD. It sometimes runs in families, so genetics may be a factor. There may also be environmental factors.

    A complete evaluation by a trained professional is the only way to know for sure if your child has ADHD. Treatment may include medicine to control symptoms, therapy, or both. Structure at home and at school is important. Parent training may also help.

    NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

    Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following features are indicative of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • hyperactivity
    • inattention
    • disruptive behavior
    • impulsivity
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following are the most common causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • heredity
    • alcohol intake during pregnancy
    • trauma to the brain
    • exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy
    References: 1, 2

    Risk Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • cigarette smoking
    • alcohol use
    • drug use during pregnancy
    • exposure to environmental toxins
    • low birth weight
    • brain injuries

    Prevention of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    No, it is not possible to prevent Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
    • genetic mutations in LPHN3 and CDH13 genes
    References: 1

    Occurrence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 1

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • DSM-5 criteria: To diagnose attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    References: 3, 4

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • Psychiatrist
    • Psychologist
    • Social worker

    Complications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder if Untreated

    Yes, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is left untreated:
    • learning disabilities
    • poor self-esteem
    • increased risk of drug and alcohol abuse
    • depression
    References: 5

    Procedures for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following procedures are used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • Behavioral therapy: Strengthen or learn positive behaviors and treat unwanted or problem behaviors
    References: 1

    Self-care for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • Follow proper meal schedule: Try to keep a regular schedule for meals, naps and bedtime
    • Take proper rest: Take a break and rest for some time
    References: 6

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
    • Do yoga: Stretch and strengthen muscles and improves posture
    • Meditation therapy: Relax and learn discipline
    • Neurofeedback training: Learn to keep brain wave patterns active in front of the brain
    • Exercise: Do exercise regularly
    • Vitamin or mineral supplements: To reduce symptoms of ADHD
    References: 7

    Patient Support for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    The following actions may help Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder patients:
    • Show lots of affection to your child: Love and appreciate your child
    • Take time to enjoy your child: Spend time together with your child
    • Strive for healthy family relationships: Make a good relationship among all family members
    References: 6

    Time for Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 1

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    Questions - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with inattentiveness. Children and individuals with ADHD have problems paying attention and/or restraining themselves from being impulsive. Symptoms of ADHD include excessive daydreaming, fidgeting, excessive talking, constant carelessness, and little to no resistance to temptation.
    
    Reference
    1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). URL: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html. Accessed April 23, 2018.
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    The ICD-9 code for Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity is 314.01. The ICD-9 code for Attention deficit disorder without mention of hyperactivity is 314.00. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurological condition affecting children and adults around the world. It often presents as an inability to pay attention to instructions, fidgeting, disorganization, or constant talking. There is no exact cure for ADHD, but it can be well-controlled with medications like Ritalin, Vyvanse, Focalin, or Strattera. Behavioral therapy may also be included in the treatment process for children, and it is important to give them structure both in school and at home so they are able to learn how to lead normal lives.
    
    References
    1. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Information Page. NIH. URL: https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder-Information-Page. Accessed April 15, 2018.
    2. ADHD Diagnosis Codes Quick Reference Guide. Shire US Inc. website. Accessed April 15, 2018.
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    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 lists the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis criteria. One can present predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, or combined. 6 or more symptoms need to be present for children up to 16 years old. 5 or more symptoms need to be present for patients 17 years and older. These symptoms have to be present for at least 6 months. In addition to meeting symptom requirements, several symptoms need to be present before 12 years old, several symptoms need to be present in two or more settings, the symptoms need to interfere with or reduce the quality of life, and the symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder.
    
    References
    1. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). CDC. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html. Accessed March 3, 2018
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    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 lists the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis criteria. One can present predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, or combined. 6 or more symptoms need to be present for children up to 16 years old. 5 or more symptoms need to be present for patients 17 years and older. These symptoms have to be present for at least 6 months. In addition to meeting symptom requirements, several symptoms need to be present before 12 years old, several symptoms need to be present in two or more settings, the symptoms need to interfere with or reduce the quality of life, and the symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder.
    
    References
    1. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). CDC. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html. Accessed March 18, 2018.
    Share
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    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattentive type can be diagnosed if enough symptoms of inattention, but not hyperactivity-impulsivity, have been present for at least six months. 6 or more symptoms need to be present in children up to 16 years old. Five or more symptoms need to be present in patients 17 years and older. In addition to meeting symptom requirements, several symptoms need to be present before 12 years old, several symptoms need to be present in two or more settings, the symptoms need to interfere with or reduce the quality of life, and the symptoms are not better explained by another mental disorder.
    
    References
    1. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). CDC. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html. Accessed March 3, 2018
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    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Latest news and updates related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

    Monday, August 13, 2018 -- The 7 treatments included in the study were amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil.

    Opioid Use Rising in ADHD Patients on Stimulants

    Friday, August 10, 2018 -- (MedPage Today) -- Concomitant usage poses danger for addiction, overdose

    Ironshore Pharmaceuticals Receives FDA Approval Of Jornay PM For The Treatment Of ADHD

    Friday, August 10, 2018 -- NewsJorney PM is a novel formulation of methylphenidate which is taken in the evening and has demonstrated improvement in the severity of ADHD symptoms in the early morning and throughout the day. Contributed Author: Ironshore Pharmaceuticals & Development, Inc.Topics: Regulatory

    Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

    Thursday, August 09, 2018 -- Jornay PM utilizes the proprietary Delexis drug delivery platform which consists of 2 functional film coatings: the first layer delays the initial drug release for up to 10 hours and the second layer helps control the release rate of the active ingredient throughout the day.

    Is anxiety during pregnancy associated with ADHD  in Children?

    Tuesday, August 07, 2018 -- British and Canadian researchers recently investigated the possible associations between fetal exposure to maternal anxiety during pregnancy and outcomes of attentional deficits. The concept of fetal programming indicates that the woman’s environment before and during pregnancy can affect the “programming” of the growing fetus. Therefore, a prenatal environment which is less than optimal could cause […] The post Is anxiety during pregnancy associated with ADHD  in Children? appeared first on Medical News Bulletin | Health News and Medical Research.

    References

    1. Wikipedia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attention_... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. NIH Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/a... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. CDC Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-cond... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorder.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/06/2018.
    This page provides information for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

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