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    Back Pain

    Health    Back Pain
    Also called: Backache, Lumbago

    If you've ever groaned, "Oh, my aching back!", you are not alone. Back pain is one of the most common medical problems, affecting 8 out of 10 people at some point during their lives. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly and usually lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Back pain is called chronic if it lasts for more than three months.

    Most back pain goes away on its own, though it may take awhile. Taking over-the-counter pain relievers and resting can help. However, staying in bed for more than 1 or 2 days can make it worse.

    If your back pain is severe or doesn't improve after three days, you should call your health care provider. You should also get medical attention if you have back pain following an injury.

    Treatment for back pain depends on what kind of pain you have, and what is causing it. It may include hot or cold packs, exercise, medicines, injections, complementary treatments, and sometimes surgery.

    NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

    Symptoms of Back Pain

    The following features are indicative of Back Pain:
    • pain
    • burning sensation
    • weakness
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Back Pain

    The following are the most common causes of Back Pain:
    • muscle strains
    • muscle spasm
    • muscle imbalances
    • disk breakdown
    • injury to the spinal muscles or ligaments
    References: 1, 2

    Other Causes of Back Pain

    The following are the less common causes of Back Pain:
    • spinal disc herniation
    • degenerative disc disease
    • spondylolisthesis
    • cancer
    • kidney stones
    • inflammatory disease
    • stress conditions
    References: 1, 2

    Risk Factors of Back Pain

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Back Pain:
    • smoking
    • overweight
    • heredity
    • poor physical fitness
    • lack of exercise

    Prevention of Back Pain

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Back Pain. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • exercise regularly
    • maintain normal body weight
    • limit heavy lifting
    References: 1, 2

    Occurrence of Back Pain.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Back Pain cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Back Pain most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Back Pain most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 3

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Back Pain

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Back Pain:
    • X-ray: To view the alignment of the bones
    • Magnetic resonance imaging: To generate images that may reveal herniated disks
    • Blood tests: To determine whether you have an infection or other condition
    • Bone scan: To diagnose the bone tumors or compression fractures
    • Electromyography: To calculate the electrical impulses produced by the nerves and the responses of the muscles
    References: 4

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Back Pain:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Back Pain:
    • Physical therapist
    • Chiropractor
    • Acupuncturist

    Complications of Back Pain if Untreated

    Yes, Back Pain causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Back Pain is left untreated:
    • permanent neurological damage
    References: 5

    Procedures for Treatment of Back Pain

    The following procedures are used to treat Back Pain:
    • Surgery: To treat the back pain and lowers the pain
    References: 6

    Self-care for Back Pain

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Back Pain:
    • Exercise regularly: Strengthen the back and abdominal muscles and improves your posture
    • Maintain a healthy weight: Prevents back pain
    • Avoid heavy lifting: Helps in preventing back pain
    • Eat healthy diet: Lessens the back pain
    References: 6, 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Back Pain

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Back Pain:
    • Massage: Ease the symptoms of back pain
    • Acupuncture: Relieves pain and restore health
    References: 7

    Patient Support for Treatment of Back Pain

    The following actions may help Back Pain patients:
    • Education: Emphasizes the importance of staying active and reduces the stress and worry
    References: 6

    Time for Treatment of Back Pain

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Back Pain to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 3 months
    References: 1, 7

    Questions - Back Pain

    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Back Pain

    Latest news and updates related to Back Pain. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    Anxiety and Depression May Affect Treatment Outcomes for Chronic Low Back Pain

    Wednesday, August 01, 2018 -- The presence of anxiety and depression in individuals with chronic low back pain may be associated with higher pain severity and disability.

    Opioid, Nonopioid Utilization Management for Low Back Pain Prevalent in Major Health Plans

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018 -- Utilization management strategies for opioid and nonopioid medications in low back pain, including quantity limits and prior authorization, were found to be commonly used in Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and commercial insurance plans.

    FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018 -- This novel agent has low permeability across the blood-brain barrier, which slows its rate of entry into the brain and reduces dopamine release.

    FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

    Monday, July 30, 2018 -- This novel agent has low permeability across the blood-brain barrier, which slows its rate of entry into the brain and reduces dopamine release.

    Combination Therapies for Low Back Pain, Sciatica May Not Have Added Benefit

    Monday, July 30, 2018 -- There is a lack of evidence supporting the benefits of combination drug therapy over monotherapy for the management of low back pain and sciatica.

    References

    1. Wikipedia Back pain https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back_pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. NIH Back Pain https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Ba... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Kiwerski JE. [Factors effecting frequency of occurrence of back pain syndromes]. Wiad Lek. 2011;64(2):118-21 http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/220262... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Mayoclinic Back pain http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. NIH Low Back Pain Fact Sheet https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Pati... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Back pain http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. NIH Back Pain https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/ba... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/backpain.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/08/2018.
    This page provides information for Back Pain.