Back Pain

Also called: Backache, Lumbago
अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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If you've ever groaned, "Oh, my aching back!", you are not alone. Back pain is one of the most common medical problems, affecting 8 out of 10 people at some point during their lives. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly and usually lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Back pain is called chronic if it lasts for more than three months.

Most back pain goes away on its own, though it may take awhile. Taking over-the-counter pain relievers and resting can help. However, staying in bed for more than 1 or 2 days can make it worse.

If your back pain is severe or doesn't improve after three days, you should call your health care provider. You should also get medical attention if you have back pain following an injury.

Treatment for back pain depends on what kind of pain you have, and what is causing it. It may include hot or cold packs, exercise, medicines, injections, complementary treatments, and sometimes surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Back Pain

The following features are indicative of Back Pain:
  • pain
  • burning sensation
  • weakness
References: 1

Common Causes of Back Pain

The following are the most common causes of Back Pain:
  • muscle strains
  • muscle spasm
  • muscle imbalances
  • disk breakdown
  • infections
  • injuries
References: 1, 2

Other Causes of Back Pain

The following are the less common causes of Back Pain:
  • spinal disc herniation
  • degenerative disc disease
  • spondylolisthesis
  • cancer
  • kidney stones
  • inflammatory disease
  • stress
References: 1, 2

Risk Factors of Back Pain

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Back Pain:
  • smoking
  • age
  • overweight
  • heredity
  • poor physical fitness

Prevention of Back Pain

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Back Pain. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • exercise
  • maintained healthy body weight
  • limiting heavy lifting
References: 1, 2

Occurrence of Back Pain

Degree of Occurrence

The following are number of Back Pain cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Back Pain most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Can happen at any age

Common Gender

Back Pain most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not gender specific
References: 3

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Back Pain

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Back Pain:
  • X-ray: To view the alignment of the bones
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To generate images that may reveal herniated disks
  • Blood tests: To determine whether you have an infection or other condition
  • Bone scan: To diagnose the bone tumors or compression fractures
  • Electromyography: To calculate the electrical impulses produced by the nerves and the responses of the muscles
References: 4

Doctor for Diagnosis of Back Pain

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Back Pain:
  • Physical therapist
  • Chiropractor
  • Acupuncturist

Complications of Back Pain if Untreated

Yes, Back Pain causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Back Pain is left untreated:
  • permanent neurological damage
References: 5

Procedures for Treatment of Back Pain

The following procedures are used to treat Back Pain:
  • Surgery: To treat the back pain and lowers the pain
References: 6

Self-care for Back Pain

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Back Pain:
  • Exercises: Strengthen the back and abdominal muscles and improves your posture
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Prevents back pain
  • Avoid heavy lifting: Helps in preventing back pain
  • Eating a healthy diet: Lessens the back pain
References: 6, 7

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Back Pain

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Back Pain:
  • Massage: Ease the symptoms of back pain
  • Acupuncture: Relieves pain and restore health
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: To know the underlying causes of back pain
  • Acupressure: Relieves the pain
References: 7

Patient Support for Treatment of Back Pain

The following actions may help Back Pain patients:
  • Education: Emphasizes the importance of staying active and reduces the stress and worry
References: 6

Time for Treatment of Back Pain

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Back Pain to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months
References: 1, 7

Questions - Back Pain

News and Updates

Latest news and updates related to Back Pain. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

Thinking of taking opioids for low back pain? Here's what you need to know

Tuesday, December 05, 2017 -- When it comes to treating low back pain, opioids have many risks and few benefits. ShutterstockLow back pain is a common problem affecting more than 80% of us at some point in our lives. Recommended treatments include staying active and, if possible, avoiding strong pain medicines such as opioids. Despite this, opioids (such as oxycodone) and opioid combination medicines (such as paracetamol plus codeine) are the most commonly prescribed drugs for low back pain in Australia. The most recent analysis showed that 45.6% of all pain medicines GPs recommended for low back and neck pain in 2013/2014 were opioids, up from 40.2% in 2005/2006. Our research, published this week in the journal Medicine Today, shows opioids should only be

Less invasive therapy relieves low back pain, study states

Monday, December 04, 2017 -- According to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, most patients who had undergone image-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment for sciatica and low back pain were pain-free.

CT-Pulsed Radiofrequency May Be Effective for Acute Neuroradicular Low Back Pain

Thursday, November 30, 2017 -- Computed tomography-pulsed radiofrequency may represent an effective management strategy for patients with acute neuroradicular low back pain refractory to standard therapies

Improve Posture And Reduce Back Pain With A Quick Breathing Exercise

Thursday, November 30, 2017 -- A researcher who studied the posture of people who experience virtually no back pain offers us a few exercises to get that pain-free life ourselves. One involves a simple breathing exercise, another asks us to clench our butts. More »

Chronic back pain: A 10-minute treatment leaves patients pain-free

Wednesday, November 29, 2017 -- Researchers reveal how a 10-minute, CT-guided pulsed radiofrequency technique alleviated chronic back pain for more than 80 percent of study subjects.

Demographic Information - Back Pain

Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Back Pain. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
User gender
41 out of 66 users are male.
Survey Participants: 66
User age
The most common user is 21-30 years old.
< 217
Survey Participants: 79
User reported disease
Users most commonly suffer from Back pain.
Back pain47
High blood pressure6
Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathy)5
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)2
Survey Participants: 69
User exercise frequency
Users most commonly exercise once a week.
Once a week27
Twice a week8
Five times a week6
Survey Participants: 58
User smoking habit
49 out of 63 users do not smoke.
Do not smoke49
Survey Participants: 63
User alcohol consumption frequency
Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
One drink a day3
Two drinks a day1
More than two drinks a day2
Once a week3
Twice a week4
Once a month8
Survey Participants: 52
User body weight
32 out of 67 users report being overweight.
Not overweight35
Survey Participants: 67
User well-being
42 out of 65 users report having significant pain in the last 3 months.
Significant pain in the last 3 months42
No significant pain in the last 3 months23
Survey Participants: 65
User profession
The most common user profession is Student.
Government service7
Engineer, IT or Software5
House Maker5
Family business4
Survey Participants: 54


  1. Wikipedia Back pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. NIH Back Pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. Kiwerski JE. [Factors effecting frequency of occurrence of back pain syndromes]. Wiad Lek. 2011;64(2):118-21 - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. Mayoclinic Back pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. NIH Low Back Pain Fact Sheet - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MAYO CLINIC Back pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. NIH Back Pain - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Source:

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 12/10/2017.
This page provides information for Back Pain in English.