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Have you ever felt dizzy, lightheaded, or as if the room is spinning around you? If the feeling happens often, it could be a sign of a balance problem. Balance problems can make you feel unsteady or as if you were moving, spinning, or floating. They are one cause of falls and fall-related injuries, such as hip fracture.

Some balance problems are due to problems in the inner ear. Others may involve another part of the body, such as the brain or the heart. Aging, infections, head injury, certain medicines, or problems with blood circulation may result in a balance problem.

If you are having balance problems, see your doctor. Balance disorders can be signs of other health problems, such as an ear infection or a stroke. In some cases, treating the illness that is causing the disorder will help with the balance problem. Exercises, a change in diet, and some medicines also can help.

NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Symptoms of Balance Problems

The following features are indicative of Balance Problems:
  • dizziness
  • lightheadedness
  • blurred vision
  • confusion
  • feeling of falling
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • fear
It is possible that Balance Problems shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Balance Problems

The following are the most common causes of Balance Problems:
  • ear infections
  • head injury
  • low blood pressure
  • arthritis
  • eye muscle imbalance

Risk Factors for Balance Problems

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Balance Problems:
  • injuries
  • elderly patients
  • malfunctioning of the sensory system

Prevention of Balance Problems

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Balance Problems. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • healthy diet intake
  • protect from injuries
  • wear low-heeled shoes
  • exercise regularly

Occurrence of Balance Problems

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Balance Problems cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Balance Problems can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Balance Problems can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Balance Problems

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Balance Problems:
  • Posturography test: To measure how the body responds to movement of the platform or the patterned screen
  • Electronystagmogram test: To calculate the eye movements and the muscles that control them
  • Hearing test: To measure difficulties with hearing
  • Video nystagmography: To record eye movements
  • Rotary chair test: To check the eye movements
  • Dix-Hallpike maneuver: To determine the eye movements
  • Imaging tests: To diagnose the cause of balance problem
  • Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials test:To measure the tiny changes in muscle contractions in reaction to sounds
  • Blood pressure and heart rate tests: To determine if a heart condition is causing the symptoms of balance problems

Doctor for Diagnosis of Balance Problems

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Balance Problems:
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Vestibular rehabilitation therapist

Complications of Balance Problems if untreated

Yes, Balance Problems causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Balance Problems is left untreated:
  • dizziness

Procedures for Treatment of Balance Problems

The following procedures are used to treat Balance Problems:
  • Surgery: To treat Meniere's disease or acoustic neuroma
  • Canalith repositioning: To maneuver the position of head

Self-care for Balance Problems

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Balance Problems:
  • Drink more fluids: Helps in easing symptoms
  • Wear compressive stockings: Helps in easing symptoms

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Balance Problems.

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