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An infectious or non-infectious inflammatory process that affects the glans penis. Symptoms include redness and pain of the glans penis and foreskin and discharge

Symptoms of Balanitis

The following features are indicative of Balanitis:
  • redness of the penis
  • foul-smelling discharge from penis
  • itching
  • swelling

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Common Causes of Balanitis

The following are the most common causes of Balanitis:
  • inflammation
  • bacterial infection
  • viral infection
  • fungal infection
  • uncontrolled diabetes
  • lichen sclerosis atrophicus

Risk Factors for Balanitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Balanitis:
  • bacterial infections
  • viral infections
  • fungal infections
  • found in 9 to 11 years of age
  • uncontrolled diabetes

Prevention of Balanitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Balanitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • the head and foreskin of the penis should be kept clean and dry
  • wash the penis after sexual activity
  • avoid using soaps

Occurrence of Balanitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Balanitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Balanitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 9-11 years

Common Gender

Balanitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Balanitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Balanitis:
  • Skin biopsy: To diagnose infection

Doctor for Diagnosis of Balanitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Balanitis:
  • Cosmetologist
  • Dermatologist
  • HIV/AIDS Specialist

Complications of Balanitis if untreated

Yes, Balanitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Balanitis is left untreated:
  • penile cancer
  • scar formation
  • narrowing of the opening of the penis
  • phimosis
  • paraphimosis

Self-care for Balanitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Balanitis:
  • Proper hygiene: The head and foreskin of the penis should be kept clean and dry
  • Sexual activity: Wash the penis after sexual activity
  • Avoid using soaps: Helps preventing the irritation

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Balanitis.

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