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Bed bugs bite you and feed on your blood. You may have no reaction to the bites, or you may have small marks or itching. Severe allergic reactions are rare. Bed bugs don't transmit or spread diseases.

Adult bed bugs are brown, 1/4 to 3/8 inch long, and have a flat, oval-shaped body. Young bed bugs (called nymphs) are smaller and lighter in color. Bed bugs hide in a variety of places around the bed. They might also hide in the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, and in the folds of curtains. They come out to feed about every five to ten days. But they can survive over a year without feeding.

To prevent bed bugs in your home:

  • Check secondhand furniture for any signs of bed bugs before bringing it home
  • Use a protective cover that encases mattresses and box springs. Check it regularly for holes.
  • Reduce clutter in your home so they have fewer places to hide
  • Unpack directly into your washing machine after a trip and check your luggage carefully. When staying in hotels, put your suitcases on luggage racks instead of the floor. Check the mattress and headboard for signs of bed bugs.

To get rid of bed bugs:

  • Wash and dry bedding and clothing at high temperatures
  • Use mattress, box spring, and pillow encasements to trap bed bugs and help detect infestations
  • Use pesticides if needed

Environmental Protection Agency

Symptoms of Bed Bugs

The following features are indicative of Bed Bugs:
  • white and reddish bump
  • multiple bumps
  • small blisters
  • dark spots
  • swelling
  • redness
  • low-grade fever
  • hives
  • swollen lymph nodes
It is possible that Bed Bugs shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Bed Bugs

The following are the most common causes of Bed Bugs:
  • increased international travel
  • changes in pest control practices
  • insecticide resistance

Risk Factors for Bed Bugs

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bed Bugs:
  • living in crowded lodgings

Prevention of Bed Bugs

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bed Bugs. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear proper clothing
  • use insect repellents
  • use mosquito nets

Occurrence of Bed Bugs

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bed Bugs cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Bed Bugs can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Bed Bugs can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bed Bugs

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bed Bugs:
  • Dark specks: To detect bedbug excrement
  • Empty exoskeletons: To detect bed bugs
  • Examining rusty or reddish stains: To look for small smears of blood on bed sheets where accidentally crushed a bedbug

Complications of Bed Bugs if untreated

Yes, Bed Bugs causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bed Bugs is left untreated:
  • serious allergic reaction

Self-care for Bed Bugs

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bed Bugs:
  • Disinfect clothings: Wash and dry bedding and clothing at high temperatures

Time for Treatment of Bed Bugs

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bed Bugs to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

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Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bed Bugs.

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