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A longstanding lesion caused by death of tissue due to external pressure.

Symptoms of Bed Sores

The following features are indicative of Bed Sores:
  • swelling
  • tender areas
  • pus-like draining
  • unusual changes in skin color or texture
  • an area of skin that feels cooler or warmer to the touch than other areas

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Common Causes of Bed Sores

The following are the most common causes of Bed Sores:
  • staying in one position for too long
  • constant pressure on any part of the body
  • skin rubbing against clothing or bedding

Risk Factors for Bed Sores

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bed Sores:
  • bedridden patients
  • people who use a wheelchair
  • unable to change the position
  • lack of sensory perception
  • poor nutrition and hydration
  • diabetes
  • vascular diseases

Prevention of Bed Sores

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bed Sores. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • keeping skin clean and dry
  • changing position every two hours
  • using pillows and products that relieve pressure
  • try shifting the weight about every 15 minutes
  • look closely at the skin daily for warning signs of a pressure sore

Occurrence of Bed Sores

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bed Sores cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Bed Sores most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-60 years

Common Gender

Bed Sores can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bed Sores

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bed Sores:
  • Skin examination: To determine whether person have a pressure ulcer and how bad the damage
  • Blood test: To test the other factors

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bed Sores

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bed Sores:
  • Physician
  • Physical therapist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Dietitian
  • Dermatologist
  • Neurosurgeon
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Plastic surgeon

Complications of Bed Sores if untreated

Yes, Bed Sores causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bed Sores is left untreated:
  • serious infections
  • can be fatal
  • cellulitis
  • bone infections
  • joint infections
  • sepsis

Procedures for Treatment of Bed Sores

The following procedures are used to treat Bed Sores:
  • Surgery: Covers the wound and cushion of the affected bone
  • Removing damaged tissue: Cutting out the damaged tissue

Self-care for Bed Sores

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bed Sores:
  • Keep skin clean and dry: Limit the skin's exposure to moisture
  • Shift the weight frequently: Repositioning about once an hour reduces the chances of disease
  • Select cushions or a mattress carefully: Relieves pressure and help ensure that the body is well-positioned
  • Adjust the elevation of the bed: Helps in preventing shearing

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bed Sores

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bed Sores:
  • Honey-impregnated dressings: Provides rapid disinfection to ulcer

Patient Support for Treatment of Bed Sores

The following actions may help Bed Sores patients:
  • Join support group: Provide services, education and support for people dealing with the disease
  • Talk with a child life specialist: Helps in coping with stressful health situations

Time for Treatment of Bed Sores

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bed Sores to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bed Sores.

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