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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

A non-cancerous nodular enlargement of the prostate gland. It is characterized by the presence of epithelial cell nodules, and stromal nodules containing fibrous and smooth muscle elements. It is the most common urologic disorder in men, causing blockage of urine flow.

Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following features are indicative of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • frequent need to urinate
  • increased frequency of urination at night
  • difficulty starting urination
  • weak urine stream
  • straining while urinating
  • dribbling at the end of urination
  • inability to completely empty the bladder
  • inability to urinate
  • blood in the urine
It is possible that Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following are the most common causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • change in hormonal balance
  • age
  • changes in the cells of the testicles

Risk Factors for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • commonly found in 40-60 years of age group people
  • family history
  • diabetes
  • heart disease
  • obesity

Prevention of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • get information about the lower urinary tract symptoms by talking with a health care provider helps in preventing lower urinary tract infections

Occurrence of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Age > 40 years

Common Gender

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • Urinalysis: To determine the signs of infection in urine
  • Prostate-specific antigen blood test: To discriminate between cancer and prostate conditions
  • Urodynamic tests: To determine the bladder’s ability to hold urine and empty steadily and completely
  • Cystoscopy: To view inside the urethra and bladder
  • Transrectal ultrasound: To view the size of the prostate and any abnormalities
  • Biopsy: To diagnose whether prostate cancer is present or not

Doctor for Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • Urologist
  • Radiologist
  • Pathologist

Complications of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia if untreated

Yes, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is left untreated:
  • urinary tract infections
  • bladder stones
  • chronic kidney disease
  • urinary retention
  • bladder damage
  • kidney damage

Procedures for Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following procedures are used to treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): To remove outer part of the prostate
  • Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP): To treat small or moderately enlarged prostate gland
  • Transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT): To destroy the inner portion of the enlarged prostate gland, shrinking it and easing urine flow
  • Laser therapy: To destroy or remove overgrown prostate tissue

Medicines for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Below is the list of medicines used for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:

Self-care for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • Limit beverages in the evening: Helps avoiding middle-of-the-night trips to the toilet
  • Limit caffeine and alcohol: Helps decreasing symptoms from worsening
  • Follow a healthy diet: Helps in treating the condition
  • Stay active: Helps in reducing urinary problems
  • Keep warm:Helps preventing urine retention

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:
  • Palmetto extract: Helps in reducing symptoms
  • Beta-sitosterol extracts: Helps in reducing enlarged prostate symptoms
  • Pygeum and rye grass: Helps in reducing enlarged prostate symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The following actions may help Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia patients:
  • Join a support group: Helps in coping with the condition

Time for Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.
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