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Bleeding

Health    Bleeding
Also called: Hematoma, Hemorrhage
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Are you suffering from Bleeding?

Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen outside or inside the body. You may bleed when you get a cut or other wound. Bleeding can also be due to an injury to internal organs.

Sometimes bleeding can cause other problems. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease.

Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.

Symptoms of Bleeding

The following features are indicative of Bleeding:
  • blood from cuts or wounds
  • injury to internal organs
  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • coughing up blood
  • vaginal bleeding
References: 1

Common Causes of Bleeding

The following are the most common causes of Bleeding:
  • traumatic injury
  • crushing injuries
  • hematoma
  • puncture wound
  • contusion
References: 2, 3

Risk Factors for Bleeding

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bleeding:
  • 65 years of age of older
  • history of stroke
  • history of gastrointestinal bleeding
  • recent myocardial infarction

Prevention of Bleeding

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bleeding. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • limiting the amount of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in case of gastrointestinal disorders
References: 2, 4

Occurrence of Bleeding

Degree of Occurrence

The following are the number of Bleeding cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not known

Common Age Group

Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Not known

Common Gender

Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not known

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bleeding

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bleeding:
  • Complete blood and platelet count: To count the total number of blood cells and platelets
  • Bleeding time: To detect a platelet aggregation defect
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and Prothrombin time (TT): To measure intrinsic and extrinsic factors and common pathways
References: 5, 6, 7

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bleeding

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bleeding:
  • Primary care provider

Complications of Bleeding if Untreated

Yes, Bleeding causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bleeding is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
References: 8

Procedures for Treatment of Bleeding

The following procedures are used to treat Bleeding:
  • Surgery: To stop the bleeding
References: 9

Self-care for Bleeding

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
  • Use heating pad: Apply heating pad to lower belly area to relieve menstrual pain
  • Intake proper diet: Eat light but frequent meals
  • Walk or exercise regularly
  • Maintain proper weight: Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking: Reduces the stomach acids and prevents ulcers
References: 9, 10

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bleeding

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
  • Meditation: Helps relaxing and relieves stress
  • Do yoga: Helps relieving pain
  • Acupuncture: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
  • Acupressure: To stimulate certain points on the body to relieve menstrual pain
References: 11, 12

Patient Support for Treatment of Bleeding

The following actions may help Bleeding patients:
  • Talk early and often: Talk to your daughter about the changes she can expect in her body
References: 13

Time for Treatment of Bleeding

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bleeding to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week
References: 14

References

  1. MedlinePlus Bleeding https://medlineplus.gov/bleeding.html - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  2. Wikipedia Bleeding https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  3. American Family Physician Predicting the Risk of Bleeding in Patients Taking Warfarin http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p780.h... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  4. NIH Treatment for GI Bleeding https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-informa... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  5. Palmer RL. Laboratory diagnosis of bleeding disorders. Basic screening tests. Postgrad Med. 1984;76(8):137-42, 147-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6334... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  6. MICHAEL BALLAS, ERIC H. KRAUT Bleeding and Bruising: A Diagnostic Work-up http://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1117.... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  7. Rebecca Kruse-Jarres, Tammuella C. Singleton, and Cindy A. Leissinger Identification and Basic Management of Bleeding Disorders in Adults http://www.jabfm.org/content/27/4/549.fu... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  8. Roberta Palla, Flora Peyvandi and Amy D. Shapiro Rare bleeding disorders: diagnosis and treatment http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/125/... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  9. NIH Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-informa... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  10. Medlineplus Painful menstrual periods https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  11. Medline Plus Painful menstrual periods https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  12. Mayo Clinic Menstrual cramps http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  13. Mayo Clinic Tween and teen health http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifest... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  14. Wikipedia Gastrointestinal bleeding https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastrointe... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
  15. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/bleeding.html

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/14/2018.
This page provides information for Bleeding.