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    Health    Bleeding
    Also called: Hematoma, Hemorrhage

    Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen outside or inside the body. You may bleed when you get a cut or other wound. Bleeding can also be due to an injury to internal organs.

    Sometimes bleeding can cause other problems. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease.

    Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.

    Symptoms of Bleeding

    The following features are indicative of Bleeding:
    • blood from cuts or wounds
    • injury to internal organs
    • gastrointestinal bleeding
    • coughing up blood
    • vaginal bleeding
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Bleeding

    The following are the most common causes of Bleeding:
    • traumatic injury
    • crushing injuries
    • hematoma
    • puncture wound
    • contusion
    References: 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Bleeding

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bleeding:
    • 65 years of age of older
    • history of stroke
    • history of gastrointestinal bleeding
    • recent myocardial infarction

    Prevention of Bleeding

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bleeding. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • limiting the amount of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in case of gastrointestinal disorders
    References: 2, 4

    Occurrence of Bleeding.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Bleeding cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Not known

    Common Age Group

    Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Not known

    Common Gender

    Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not known

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bleeding

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bleeding:
    • Complete blood and platelet count: To count the total number of blood cells and platelets
    • Bleeding time: To detect a platelet aggregation defect
    • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and Prothrombin time (TT): To measure intrinsic and extrinsic factors and common pathways
    References: 5, 6, 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Bleeding:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bleeding:
    • Primary care provider

    Complications of Bleeding if Untreated

    Yes, Bleeding causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bleeding is left untreated:
    • can be fatal
    References: 8

    Procedures for Treatment of Bleeding

    The following procedures are used to treat Bleeding:
    • Surgery: To stop the bleeding
    References: 9

    Self-care for Bleeding

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
    • Use heating pad: Apply heating pad to lower belly area to relieve menstrual pain
    • Intake proper diet: Eat light but frequent meals
    • Walk or exercise regularly
    • Maintain proper weight: Lose weight if you are overweight
    • Avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking: Reduces the stomach acids and prevents ulcers
    References: 9, 10

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bleeding

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
    • Meditation: Helps relaxing and relieves stress
    • Do yoga: Helps relieving pain
    • Acupuncture: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
    • Acupressure: To stimulate certain points on the body to relieve menstrual pain
    References: 11, 12

    Patient Support for Treatment of Bleeding

    The following actions may help Bleeding patients:
    • Talk early and often: Talk to your daughter about the changes she can expect in her body
    References: 13

    Time for Treatment of Bleeding

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bleeding to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • Within 1 week
    References: 14

    Questions - Bleeding


    1. MedlinePlus Bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. American Family Physician Predicting the Risk of Bleeding in Patients Taking Warfarin - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. NIH Treatment for GI Bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Palmer RL. Laboratory diagnosis of bleeding disorders. Basic screening tests. Postgrad Med. 1984;76(8):137-42, 147-8. - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. MICHAEL BALLAS, ERIC H. KRAUT Bleeding and Bruising: A Diagnostic Work-up - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Rebecca Kruse-Jarres, Tammuella C. Singleton, and Cindy A. Leissinger Identification and Basic Management of Bleeding Disorders in Adults - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Roberta Palla, Flora Peyvandi and Amy D. Shapiro Rare bleeding disorders: diagnosis and treatment - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. NIH Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Medlineplus Painful menstrual periods - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Medline Plus Painful menstrual periods - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Mayo Clinic Menstrual cramps - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    13. Mayo Clinic Tween and teen health - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    14. Wikipedia Gastrointestinal bleeding - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    15. Source:

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/07/2018.
    This page provides information for Bleeding.