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Borderline Personality Disorder

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of unstable self-image and mood together with volatile interpersonal relationships, self-damaging impulsivity, recurrent suicidal threats or gestures and/or self-mutilating behavior

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following features are indicative of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • disturbed sense of identity
  • splitting (black and white thinking)
  • impulsivity and impulsive or dangerous behaviours
  • unstable and chaotic interpersonal relationships
  • self-damaging behavior
  • intense or uncontrollable emotional reactions
  • distorted self-image
  • dissociation
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • anger
  • substance abuse
  • rage

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Common Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following are the most common causes of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • brain abnormalities
  • genetic change of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) on chromosome 11
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • hyperactive HPA axis
  • changes in estrogen levels

Other Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following are the less common causes of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • childhood trauma
  • self-complexity
  • thought suppression

Risk Factors for Borderline Personality Disorder

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • hereditary predisposition
  • stressful childhood
  • impulsiveness and aggression personality

Prevention of Borderline Personality Disorder

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Borderline Personality Disorder.

Occurrence of Borderline Personality Disorder

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Borderline Personality Disorder cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Extremely rare less than 1000 cases

Common Age Group

Borderline Personality Disorder most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Borderline Personality Disorder can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • Psychological evaluation: Complete questionnaires to evaluate the condition

Doctor for Diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • Psychiatrist

Complications of Borderline Personality Disorder if untreated

Yes, Borderline Personality Disorder causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Borderline Personality Disorder is left untreated:
  • repeated job changes or losses
  • not completing an education
  • multiple legal issues, such as jail time
  • conflict-filled relationships
  • marital stress or divorce
  • self-injury, such as cutting or burning, and frequent hospitalizations
  • involvement in abusive relationships
  • attempted or completed suicide

Procedures for Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following procedures are used to treat Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT): To manage emotions, tolerate distress
  • Schema-focused therapy: Helps to identify unmet needs that have led to negative life patterns
  • Mentalization-based therapy (MBT): Helps to identify patients own thoughts and feelings
  • Systems training for emotional predictability and problem-solving (STEPPS): Helps to manage stress
  • Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP): Help to understand patients emotions and interpersonal difficulties

Self-care for Borderline Personality Disorder

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • Learn about depression: Empowers and motivates to stick to treatment plan
  • Pay attention to warning signs: Prevents the worsening of depression symptoms

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Borderline Personality Disorder:
  • General psychiatric management: To manage and focus emotional difficulties

Patient Support for Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

The following actions may help Borderline Personality Disorder patients:
  • Family therapy: Family encouragement helps to overcome stress
  • Seek counseling from a therapist: Helps to learn about mental disorders
  • Join support group: Counselor, medical social worker, or cancer support group to talk

Time for Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Borderline Personality Disorder to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

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Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Borderline Personality Disorder.

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