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    Breast Cancer

    Health    Breast Cancer

    Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are many risk factors. Risks that you cannot change include

    • Age - the risk rises as you get older
    • Genes - two genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, greatly increase the risk. Women who have family members with breast or ovarian cancer may wish to be tested for the genes.
    • Personal factors - beginning periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55

    Other risks include obesity, using hormone replacement therapy (also called menopausal hormone therapy), taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35, and having dense breasts.

    Symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in size or shape of the breast, and discharge from a nipple. Breast self-exams and mammography can help find breast cancer early, when it is most treatable. One possible treatment is surgery. It could be a lumpectomy or a mastectomy. Other treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells.

    Men can have breast cancer, too, but it is rare.

    NIH: National Cancer Institute

    Symptoms of Breast Cancer

    The following features are indicative of Breast Cancer:
    • nipple tenderness
    • lump formation
    • thickening of breasts
    • change in the skin texture
    • enlargement of pores in the skin of the breast
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Breast Cancer

    The following are the most common causes of Breast Cancer:
    • older age
    • family history
    • obesity
    • hormone replacement therapy
    • menopausal hormone therapy
    References: 2, 3

    Other Causes of Breast Cancer

    The following are the less common causes of Breast Cancer:
    • use of birth control pills
    • alcohol consumption
    • infertility
    • having the chance of first child after age 35
    • having dense breasts
    References: 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Breast Cancer:
    • drinking alcohol
    • obesity
    • physical activity
    • not having children
    • birth control
    • hormone therapy after menopause

    Prevention of Breast Cancer

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Breast Cancer. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • changing lifestyle or eating habits
    • avoiding things known to cause cancer
    References: 4

    Occurrence of Breast Cancer.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Breast Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

    Common Age Group

    Breast Cancer most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 35-50 years

    Common Gender

    Breast Cancer most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Female
    References: 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Breast Cancer:
    • Chest X Rays: To trace cancer to the lungs
    • Bone Scan: To trace cancer to the bones
    • CT Scan: To take pictures of chest and spread of cancer to other organs
    • MRI Scan: To look at the brain and spinal cord
    References: 6, 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Breast Cancer:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Breast Cancer:
    • Medical Oncologist
    • Radiation Oncologist
    • Surgical Oncologist

    Complications of Breast Cancer if Untreated

    Yes, Breast Cancer causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Breast Cancer is left untreated:
    • oral or pharyngeal mucositis
    • pain
    • xerostomia
    • dental caries
    • increased risk for opportunistic bacterial, fungal and viral infections
    References: 8

    Procedures for Treatment of Breast Cancer

    The following procedures are used to treat Breast Cancer:
    • Lumpectomy: Removal of the tumors from breast
    • Removing the entire breast: Removal of the entire breast tissue by operation
    • Radiation therapy: Kills cancer cells
    • Chemotherapy: Destroy cancer cells
    References: 9

    Self-care for Breast Cancer

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Breast Cancer:
    • Exercise regularly: Practice exercises most days of the week
    • Avoid consuming alcohol
    References: 10

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Breast Cancer

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Breast Cancer:
    • Regularly exercise: Walking, swimming and yoga can help to relieve fatigue
    • Manage stress: Muscle relaxation, visualization, and spending time with friends and family help to control stress
    References: 9

    Patient Support for Treatment of Breast Cancer

    The following actions may help Breast Cancer patients:
    • Supportive care: Your family provides an extra layer of support that makes you feel better and live longer
    References: 9

    Time for Treatment of Breast Cancer

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Breast Cancer to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • More than 1 year
    References: 11

    Questions - Breast Cancer

    Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast become abnormal and begin to multiply uncontrollably. Hereditary breast cancer does not depend on generations, it is a risk that depends on gene involvement and not all people who inherit the mutation will develop cancer. People who inherit genetic changes have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, but it also depends on environmental and lifestyle factors. Breast cancers that are associated with the cluster in families are usually the result of gene mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes produce proteins that help the body repair damaged DNA, therefore mutations in these genes are associated with a high risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer and several other types of cancer.
    
    References
    1. Breast Cancer. Genetics Home Reference. U.S. National Library of Medicine. URL: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/breast-cancer#inheritance. Accessed April 11, 2018
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    News, Updates and Latest Articles - Breast Cancer

    Latest news and updates related to Breast Cancer. Subscribe to get latest posts via email or subscribe to a RSS feed.

    NICE rejects Perjeta in post-surgery breast cancer use - again

    Friday, August 17, 2018 -- NICE has continued to reject Roche’s Perjeta (pertuzumab) in its use to prevent early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer from recurring after surgery, after reconsidering evidence in the light of changes to the cost of the drug combination. The new...

    Anthracycline therapy decreases LV mass in breast cancer

    Friday, August 17, 2018 -- W. Gregory HundleyWomen with breast cancer who underwent anthracycline therapy had a decrease in left ventricular mass that potentially resulted from cardiomyocyte atrophy, according to a study published in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.Thiago Ferreira de Souza, MD, of the School of Medical Sciences at the State University of Campinas in São Paulo, and colleagues analyzed data from 27 women (mean age, 52 years) with breast cancer and planned adjuvant anthracycline-based therapy between 2012 and 2015. Women were excluded if they had kidney disease, contraindications to cardiac MRI,

    Chinese herbal medicine, huang-qi, can treat breast cancer

    Friday, August 17, 2018 -- (Natural News) Researchers from the Fujian University of Traditional Medicine in China have found that the traditional Chinese medicine called Huang-qi (Astragalus membranaceus) can be a promising agent in breast cancer treatment. In their study, which was published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, the team looked at the biological effects of Huang-qi on breast cancer cells... Read More

    Trial shows PARP inhibitor as novel treatment option for patients with advanced breast cancers

    Thursday, August 16, 2018 -- In a randomized, Phase III trial led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, the PARP inhibitor talazoparib extended progression-free survival (PFS) and improved quality-of-life measures over available chemotherapies for patients with metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer and mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes.

    CDK4/6 Inhibitors, Other Treatment Advances Show Hope for Patients With Breast Cancer

    Wednesday, August 15, 2018 -- Stephanie L. Graff, MD, discusses the current and evolving landscape of breast oncology and what this means for patients.

    References

    1. NATIONAL BREAST CANCER FOUNDATION Symptoms and Signs http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/brea... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. MedlinePlus Breast Cancer https://medlineplus.gov/breastcancer.htm... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. American Cancer Society Lifestyle-related Breast Cancer Risk Factors https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-can... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. NIH Breast Cancer Prevention (PDQ®)–Patient Version https://www.cancer.gov/types/breast/pati... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. breastcancer.org U.S. Breast Cancer Statistics http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/und... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. American Cancer Society Tests to Find Out if Breast Cancer Has Spread (CT, PET, Bone Scan, MRI) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-can... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Neuman HB, Steffens NM, Jacobson N, et al. Oncologists' Perspectives of Their Roles and Responsibilities During Multidisciplinary Breast Cancer Follow-Up. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016;23(3):708-14. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Taichman LS, Gomez G, Inglehart MR. Oral health-related complications of breast cancer treatment: assessing dental hygienists' knowledge and professional practice. J Dent Hyg. 2014;88(2):100-13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Mayo Clinic Breast cancer http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Mayo Clinic Breast cancer http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Mayo Clinic Breast cancer http://www.Mayo - Accessed: February 20, 2017. Clinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20207949
    12. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/breastcancer.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/06/2018.
    This page provides information for Breast Cancer.

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