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The bronchi are two tubes that branch off the trachea, or windpipe. The bronchi carry air to your lungs.

The most common problem with the bronchi is bronchitis, an inflammation of the tubes. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Other problems include

  • Bronchiectasis, a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to widen and become flabby and scarred
  • Exercise-induced bronchospasm, which happens when the airways shrink while you are exercising
  • Bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the small airways that branch off from the bronchi
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a condition affecting infants

Treatment of bronchial disorders depends on the cause.

Symptoms of Bronchial Disorders

The following features are indicative of Bronchial Disorders:
  • coughing up mucus
  • wheezing
  • shortness of breath
  • chest discomfort
It is possible that Bronchial Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Bronchial Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Bronchial Disorders:
  • viral infection
  • smoking cigarettes

Other Causes of Bronchial Disorders

The following are the less common causes of Bronchial Disorders:
  • exposure to air pollution
  • lower respiratory infections in genetically susceptible infants

Risk Factors for Bronchial Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bronchial Disorders:
  • maternal smoking
  • stress
  • use of antibiotics

Prevention of Bronchial Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bronchial Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid exposure to lung irritants

Occurrence of Bronchial Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bronchial Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Bronchial Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Bronchial Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bronchial Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bronchial Disorders:
  • Chest CT scan: To see the size, shape, and position of the lungs and structures in the chest
  • Chest X ray: To create pictures of the structures in and around the chest
  • Lung function test: To measure how well the lungs work
  • Bronchoscopy: To look inside the lung airways

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bronchial Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bronchial Disorders:
  • Infectious disease specialists
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Bronchial Disorders if untreated

Yes, Bronchial Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bronchial Disorders is left untreated:
  • respiratory infections
  • heart problems
  • lung cancer
  • high blood pressure in lung arteries
  • depression

Procedures for Treatment of Bronchial Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Bronchial Disorders:
  • Surgical treatment: Resecting the laryngeal nerve
  • Bronchial thermoplasty: Reduces the ability of the airways to tighten
  • Allergy shots: Reduces the immune system reaction to specific allergens
  • Oxygen therapy: Supplies oxygen in the blood
  • Lung volume reduction surgery: Removes the damaged lung tissues from the upper lungs
  • Lung transplant: Improves the ability to breathe and to be active
  • Bullectomy: Removes bullae from the lungs to help improve air flow

Medicines for Bronchial Disorders

Below is the list of medicines used for Bronchial Disorders:

Self-care for Bronchial Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bronchial Disorders:
  • Use air conditioner: Reduces the amount of airborne pollens
  • Prevent mold spores: Keep mold spores from developing
  • Keep your home clean
  • Cover the nose and mouth if it's cold out
  • Get regular exercise: Prevents from asthma attacks
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduces the worsening asthma

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bronchial Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bronchial Disorders:
  • Breathing exercises: Improves the asthma symptoms
  • Use herbal and natural remedies: Herbal and natural remedies like black seed, caffeine, choline and pycnogenol may help improve asthma symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Bronchial Disorders

The following actions may help Bronchial Disorders patients:
  • Pace yourself: Take breaks between the tasks and avoid activities that make the symptoms worse
  • Talk to others with your condition: Connect with people facing similar challenges
  • Child having asthma: Pay attention on the things your child can do
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation program: These programs combine education, exercise training, nutrition advice and counseling that improves your quality of life

Time for Treatment of Bronchial Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bronchial Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Bronchial Disorders Infectious?

Yes, Bronchial Disorders is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread through the air

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bronchial Disorders.

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