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    Burns

    अनुवाद: हिन्दी
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    A burn is damage to your body's tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight, or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids and steam, building fires and flammable liquids and gases are the most common causes of burns. Another kind is an inhalation injury, caused by breathing smoke.

    There are three types of burns:

    • First-degree burns damage only the outer layer of skin
    • Second-degree burns damage the outer layer and the layer underneath
    • Third-degree burns damage or destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath

    Burns can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and, in serious cases, shock, and even death. They also can lead to infections because they damage your skin's protective barrier. Treatment for burns depends on the cause of the burn, how deep it is, and how much of the body it covers. Antibiotic creams can prevent or treat infections. For more serious burns, treatment may be needed to clean the wound, replace the skin, and make sure the patient has enough fluids and nutrition.

    NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences

    Symptoms of Burns

    The following features are indicative of Burns:
    • swelling
    • blistering
    • scarring
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Burns

    The following are the most common causes of Burns:
    • contact with fire
    • scalds
    • contact with hot objects
    • electricity shock
    • contact with chemicals
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Burns

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Burns:
    • cooking with open fires
    • outdoor activities

    Prevention of Burns

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Burns. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • limiting hot water exposure
    • fire-resistant clothing
    References: 2

    Occurrence of Burns

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Burns cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Burns most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Burns most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 2

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Burns

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Burns:
    • X-rays: To determine the internal burned body area
    • Physical examination: To examine the burned skin
    References: 3, 4

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Burns

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Burns:
    • Psychologist
    • Physiotherapists
    • Social workers

    Complications of Burns if Untreated

    Yes, Burns causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Burns is left untreated:
    • deforming contractures
    • significant disability
    References: 5

    Procedures for Treatment of Burns

    The following procedures are used to treat Burns:
    • Breathing assistance: Inserts a tube down your windpipe to keep oxygen supplied to the lungs
    • Tube feeding: Providing adequate nutrition by a feeding tube through your nose to your stomach
    • Skin grafts:Section of your own healthy skin are used to replace the scar tissue
    • Plastic surgery: Improves the appearance of burn scars
    References: 6

    Self-care for Burns

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Burns:
    • Remove rings or other tight items from the burned area
    • Blisters: Don't break the small blisters around the burned area
    References: 7

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Burns

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Burns:
    • Rehabilitative exercise training: Restores the lean body mass and physical function
    • Honey use: Reduces inflammation and provides a moist healing environment
    • Moist exposed burn ointment: Gives relief from pain
    • Bee pollen ointment: Helps in re epithelization and wound closure
    References: 8, 9, 10, 11

    Patient Support for Treatment of Burns

    The following actions may help Burns patients:
    • Joining a support group: Meeting people who are facing the similar challenges encourage the affected person
    References: 12

    Time for Treatment of Burns

    While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Burns to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
    • In 1 - 3 months
    References: 13

    Questions - Burns

    Demographic Information - Burns

    Following is the demographic information reported by website visitors for Burns. Information below may include patient demographics as well as data for website visitors who might be researching on behalf of patients e.g. parents for small children. The data below may or may not be reflective of the complete patient population demographics for this medicine/health topic.
    Gender
    6 out of 7 users are male.
    Users Percentile
    Female1
    Male6
    Other0
    Participants: 7
    Age
    The most common user is 21-30 years old.
    Users Percentile
    < 212
    21-304
    30-401
    40-501
    50+1
    Participants: 9
    Marital Status
    Users most commonly report that they are 'Single, never married'.
    Users Percentile
    Single, never married1
    Participants: 1
    Disease
    Users most commonly suffer from Obesity.
    Users Percentile
    Obesity2
    Participants: 2
    Body Weight
    5 out of 10 users report that they are overweight.
    Users Percentile
    Overweight5
    Not overweight5
    Participants: 10
    Smoking Habit
    4 out of 6 users report that they do not smoke.
    Users Percentile
    Smoke2
    Do not smoke4
    Participants: 6
    Alcohol Consumption Frequency
    Users most commonly reported never consuming alcohol
    Users Percentile
    Never4
    One drink a day0
    Two drinks a day0
    More than two drinks a day0
    Once a week0
    Twice a week0
    Once a month1
    Participants: 5
    Well-being
    2 out of 8 users report that they had significant pain in the last 3 months.
    Users Percentile
    Significant pain in the last 3 months2
    No significant pain in the last 3 months6
    Participants: 8
    Profession
    Family business is the most common profession reported by users.
    Users Percentile
    Family business1
    Engineer, IT or Software1
    Doctor1
    Government service1
    Chemist1
    House Maker1
    Other1
    Participants: 6
    Routine Health Check-ups
    1 out of 1 users report that they receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations1
    No, do not receive routine health check-ups or physical examinations0
    Participants: 1
    Missed Health Checkup Reason
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Medication
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Immunization
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Supplements
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Exercise Frequency
    Users most commonly exercise once a week.
    Users Percentile
    Once a week4
    Twice a week0
    Five times a week0
    Everyday2
    Never0
    Participants: 6
    Exercise Duration
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Like Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Difficulties in Exercising
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Users most commonly report that they eat fruits and vegetables 'Everyday'.
    Users Percentile
    Everyday1
    Participants: 1
    Healthy Food Choices
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Eating Out
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Fast Food Frequency
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Special Diet
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Housing Type
    No data has been collected for this survey
    Own Home
    0 out of 1 users report that they own a home.
    Users Percentile
    Yes, own a home0
    No, do not own a home1
    Participants: 1
    Non-emergency Visits
    Users most commonly report that they go to 'Doctor's Clinic' for their non-emergency health issues.
    Users Percentile
    Doctor's Clinic1
    Participants: 1
    Medicine Source
    Users most commonly report to buy medicine from 'Local pharmacy'.
    Users Percentile
    Local pharmacy1
    Participants: 1

    References

    1. MedlinePlus Burns https://medlineplus.gov/burns.html - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    2. Wikipedia Burn https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burn#Cause... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Burns Tests and diagnosis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. Christiaens W, Van de walle E, Devresse S, et al. The view of severely burned patients and healthcare professionals on the blind spots in the aftercare process: a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015;15:302. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. Procter F. Rehabilitation of the burn patient. Indian J Plast Surg. 2010;43(Suppl):S101-13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. Mayo Clinic Burns http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Burns http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. Porter C, Hardee JP, Herndon DN, Suman OE. The role of exercise in the rehabilitation of patients with severe burns. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2015;43(1):34-40. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Molan PC. Potential of honey in the treatment of wounds and burns. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2001;2(1):13-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1170... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Ang ES, Lee ST, Gan CS, et al. Evaluating the role of alternative therapy in burn wound management: randomized trial comparing moist exposed burn ointment with conventional methods in the management of patients with second-degree burns. MedGenMed. 2001;3(2):3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1154... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Olczyk P, Koprowski R, Kaźmierczak J, et al. Bee Pollen as a Promising Agent in the Burn Wounds Treatment. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:8473937. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    12. Mayo Clinic Burns http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    13. Adhya A, Bain J, Ray O, et al. Healing of burn wounds by topical treatment: A randomized controlled comparison between silver sulfadiazine and nano-crystalline silver. J Basic Clin Pharm. 2014;6(1):29-34. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    14. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/burns.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 2/15/2018.
    This page provides information for Burns in English.

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