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Cerebellar Disorders

When you play the piano or hit a tennis ball you are activating the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that controls coordination and balance. Problems with the cerebellum include

  • Cancer
  • Genetic disorders
  • Ataxias - failure of muscle control in the arms and legs that result in movement disorders
  • Degeneration - disorders caused by brain cells decreasing in size or wasting away

Treatment of cerebellar disorders depends on the cause. In some cases, there is no cure but treatment may help with symptoms.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Symptoms of Cerebellar Disorders

The following features are indicative of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • incoordination or unsteadiness of limbs, gait and posture
  • decreased muscle tone
  • abnormal positions of body parts
  • an intention tremor of the hand on purposive movement
  • station or manner of standing is abnormal
  • saccadic dysmetria
  • impaired smooth tracking
  • fixation abnormalities
  • nystagmus

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Common Causes of Cerebellar Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • autoimmunity to Purkinje cells or other neural cells in the cerebellum
  • CNS vasculitis
  • multiple sclerosis
  • infection
  • bleeding
  • infarction
  • alcohol consumption

Other Causes of Cerebellar Disorders

The following are the less common causes of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • tumors
  • direct injury
  • toxins
  • genetic disorders

Prevention of Cerebellar Disorders

No, it is not possible to prevent Cerebellar Disorders.
  • inherited genetic changes
  • congenital defects

Occurrence of Cerebellar Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cerebellar Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not known

Common Age Group

Cerebellar Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Cerebellar Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cerebellar Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cerebellar Disorders:
  • Electromyography: To diagnose cerebral disorders

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cerebellar Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Cerebellar Disorders if untreated

It is not know if Cerebellar Disorders causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Cerebellar Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Cerebellar Disorders:
  • Physical therapy: Help in coordination and enhancing mobility
  • Occupational therapy: Helps you with daily living tasks
  • Speech therapy: Improve speech and aid swallowing
  • Deep brain stimulation: To regulate abnormal impulses
  • Surgery: To destroy the part of brain that is causing symptoms
  • Botulinum neurotoxin: To block nerve signals that cause muscle spasms

Self-care for Cerebellar Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • Use hiking sticks or walkers for walking
  • Use modified utensils for eating
  • Use communication aids for speaking
  • Exercise regularly: Helps increasing muscle strength, flexibility and balance
  • Eat healthy: Reduces symptoms of Parkinson's disease
  • Avoid falls: Helps preventing injuries

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cerebellar Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cerebellar Disorders:
  • Ayurvedic therapy: Improves the balance by applying Shirobasti and Shirodhara with Dhanwantaram taila over the scalp and followed by massage with Dhanvantaram tailam and Bashpa sweda
  • Behavioral techniques: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders
  • Psychotherapy: To reduce symptoms of movement disorders

Patient Support for Treatment of Cerebellar Disorders

The following actions may help Cerebellar Disorders patients:
  • Join support group: Join ataxia supporting groups that encourage you
  • Psychologist support: Helps discussing things to reduce stress

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cerebellar Disorders.
Ataxia Telangiectasia
Brain Diseases
Degenerative Nerve Diseases
Friedreich's Ataxia
Genetic Brain Disorders

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