The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. You're at higher risk if you smoke, have had many children, use birth control pills for a long time, or have HIV infection.
Cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms at first. Later, you may have pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. Your health care provider can find abnormal cells by doing a Pap test to examine cells from the cervix. You may also have an HPV test. If your results are abnormal, you may need a biopsy or other tests. By getting regular screenings, you can find and treat any problems before they turn into cancer.
Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. The choice of treatment depends on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread and whether you would like to become pregnant someday.
Vaccines can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
This question can only be answered by your physician after performing various tests and a comprehensive physical exam. Cervical cancer is an abnormal and uncontrollable growth of cells that occurs in the cervix of females. This cancer usually develops slowly therefore early cervical cancer usually does not have any symptoms. When the disease is more advanced, common symptoms can include abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse or after menopause, vaginal discharge that does not stop and is pale, watery, pink, brown, bloody or foul-smelling. This cancer can spread to other areas of the body like the bladder and intestines, when this happens patients can experience back pain, fatigue, leaking of urine or feces from the vagina, and pelvic pain among others. References 1. Cervical Cancer. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000893.htm. Accessed April 12, 2018.
Cervical cancer occurs when malignant cells form in the lower part of the uterus known as the cervix. Normally it is not possible to know the exact reason why some women develop cervical cancer and others don’t; however, there are certain risk factors that increases a women’s chance of developing this disease. Risk factors include smoking, having had many children, long term use of birth control, HIV infection and being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV). Having any of these risk factors does not mean you will get cancer. Talk to your primary care provider to discuss possible risks factors and learn more information about cervical cancer prevention. References 1. Risk Factors for Cancer. National Cancer Institute. URL: https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk. Accessed March 23, 2018 2. Cervical Cancer Treatment (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. URL: https://www.cancer.gov/types/cervical/patient/cervical-treatment-pdq. Accessed March 23, 2018 3. Cervical Cancer. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/cervicalcancer.html. Accessed March 23, 2018