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Chikungunya is a virus that spread by the same kinds of mosquitoes that spread dengue and Zika virus. Rarely, it can spread from mother to newborn around the time of birth. It may also possibly spread through infected blood. There have been outbreaks of chikungunya virus in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

Most people who are infected will have symptoms, which can be severe. They usually start 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash.

Most people feel better within a week. In some cases, however, the joint pain may last for months. People at risk for more severe disease include newborns, older adults, and people with diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease.

A blood test can show whether you have chikungunya virus. There are no vaccines or medicines to treat it. Drinking lots of fluids, resting, and taking non-aspirin pain relievers might help.

The best way to prevent chikungunya infection is to avoid mosquito bites:

  • Use insect repellent
  • Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs, and feet
  • Stay in places that have air conditioning or that use window and door screens

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Chikungunya

The following features are indicative of Chikungunya:
  • fever
  • joint pain
  • headache
  • muscle pain
  • joint swelling
  • rash
It is possible that Chikungunya shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Chikungunya

The following are the most common causes of Chikungunya:
  • transmission through Aedes albopictus mosquito bite

Risk Factors for Chikungunya

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Chikungunya:
  • environmental conditions
  • personal biological factors

Prevention of Chikungunya

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Chikungunya. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
  • use screens on windows and doors
  • use insect repellent

Occurrence of Chikungunya

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Chikungunya cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Chikungunya can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Chikungunya can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Chikungunya

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Chikungunya:
  • Viral culture testing: To check the presence of virus

Doctor for Diagnosis of Chikungunya

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Chikungunya:
  • Infectious disease specialist

Complications of Chikungunya if untreated

Yes, Chikungunya causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Chikungunya is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Chikungunya

The following procedures are used to treat Chikungunya:
  • Supportive care: Helps in treating fever and joint swelling

Self-care for Chikungunya

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Chikungunya:
  • Get plenty of rest: Makes you feel better
  • Drink fluids: To prevent dehydration

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Chikungunya

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Chikungunya:
  • Use of natural products: The symbiotic bacterial genus Wolbachia decreases the life span and infectivity of mosquito vectors

Time for Treatment of Chikungunya

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Chikungunya to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Chikungunya Infectious?

Yes, Chikungunya is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread from one person to another by contact

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Chikungunya.

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