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Impairment of the bile flow caused by obstruction within the liver, or outside the liver in the bile duct system.

Symptoms of Cholestasis

The following features are indicative of Cholestasis:
  • pruritus
  • pale stool
  • dark urine
  • loss of appetite
  • jaundice
  • nausea
It is possible that Cholestasis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Cholestasis

The following are the most common causes of Cholestasis:
  • pregnancy
  • androgens
  • birth control pills
  • antibiotics
  • congenital abnormalities
  • gallstones

Other Causes of Cholestasis

The following are the less common causes of Cholestasis:
  • cystic fibrosis
  • intrahepatic cholestasis
  • primary biliary cirrhosis
  • acute hepatitis

Risk Factors for Cholestasis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cholestasis:
  • personal or family history
  • history of liver damage

Prevention of Cholestasis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cholestasis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B
  • avoid intravenous drugs
  • preventing sharing of needles

Occurrence of Cholestasis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cholestasis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Cholestasis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Cholestasis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cholestasis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cholestasis:
  • Computed Tomography (CT) scan: To view cross sectional images of gall bladder
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanning: To diagnose the detailed structure of soft tissues and organs
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: To determine the cause of disease
  • Abdominal Ultrasound: To visualize the internal organs of body

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cholestasis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cholestasis:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Cholestasis if untreated

Yes, Cholestasis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cholestasis is left untreated:
  • diarrhea
  • organ failure
  • poor absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins
  • severe itching
  • osteomalacia

Procedures for Treatment of Cholestasis

The following procedures are used to treat Cholestasis:
  • Stent implantation: To open the areas of narrow or blocked bile ducts

Self-care for Cholestasis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cholestasis:
  • Cool baths: To prevent itching
  • Oatmeal baths: To soothe the skin
  • Application of ice: To reduce the itching

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cholestasis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cholestasis:
  • Use of supplement S-adenosyl-L-methionine: Helps prevent itching

Patient Support for Treatment of Cholestasis

The following actions may help Cholestasis patients:
  • Join support and advocacy groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cholestasis.

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