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    Chronic Bronchitis

    Health    Chronic Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to your lungs. It causes a cough that often brings up mucus. It can also cause shortness of breath, wheezing, a low fever, and chest tightness. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic.

    Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchial tubes produce a lot of mucus. This leads to coughing and difficulty breathing. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause. Breathing in air pollution, fumes, or dust over a long period of time may also cause it.

    To diagnose chronic bronchitis, your doctor will look at your signs and symptoms and listen to your breathing. You may also have other tests.

    Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that keeps coming back or never goes away completely. If you smoke, it is important to quit. Treatment can help with your symptoms. It often includes medicines to open your airways and help clear away mucus. You may also need oxygen therapy. Pulmonary rehabilitation may help you manage better in daily life.

    NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

    Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis

    The following features are indicative of Chronic Bronchitis:
    • cough
    • production of mucus which can be clear, white, yellowish-gray or green in color
    • fatigue
    • shortness of breath
    • slight fever and chills
    • chest discomfort
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Chronic Bronchitis

    The following are the most common causes of Chronic Bronchitis:
    • cigarette smoking
    • air pollution
    • ingestion of dust or toxic gases
    References: 2, 3

    Risk Factors of Chronic Bronchitis

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Chronic Bronchitis:
    • cigarette smoking
    • acute illness such as a cold
    • exposure to irritants on the job
    • gastric reflux

    Prevention of Chronic Bronchitis

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Chronic Bronchitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • quit smoking
    • avoid dust, fumes, vapors, and air pollution
    References: 4

    Occurrence of Chronic Bronchitis.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Chronic Bronchitis cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Chronic Bronchitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Aged between 15-60 years

    Common Gender

    Chronic Bronchitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 5, 6

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Chronic Bronchitis

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Chronic Bronchitis:
    • Chest X-ray: To determine pneumonia or another condition that can explain the cough
    • Sputum tests: To check for whooping cough or other illnesses
    • Pulmonary function test: To measure how much air lungs can able to hold
    References: 7, 8

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Chronic Bronchitis:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis:
    • Primary care physician

    Complications of Chronic Bronchitis if Untreated

    Yes, Chronic Bronchitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Chronic Bronchitis is left untreated:
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    References: 9

    Procedures for Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis

    The following procedures are used to treat Chronic Bronchitis:
    • Lung volume reduction surgery: Removes the damaged emphysema
    • Lung transplantation: Replacement with new lungs which come from a donor
    References: 10

    Self-care for Chronic Bronchitis

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Chronic Bronchitis:
    • Quit smoking: Avoid smoking reduces the chances of disease
    References: 4

    Questions - Chronic Bronchitis

    References

    1. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.Mayo - Accessed: February 20, 2017. Clinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchitis/basics/symptoms/con-20014956
    2. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. NIH How Can Bronchitis Be Prevented? https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. CDC Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Includes: Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/copd.ht... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. CDC Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among Adults — United States, 2011 https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtm... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. American family Physician Chronic Bronchitis: Primary Care Management http://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2365.... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Mayo Clinic Bronchitis http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condi... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    10. Wikipedia Bronchitis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronchitis... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    11. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/chronicbronchitis.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/03/2018.
    This page provides information for Chronic Bronchitis.

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