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Chronic pulmonary embolism

The obstruction of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by an embolus, sometimes associated with infarction of the lung.

Symptoms of Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following features are indicative of Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • left-sided chest pain
  • pressurized pleuritic pain
It is possible that Chronic pulmonary embolism shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following are the most common causes of Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • small vessel arteriopathy
  • prior venous thromboembolism

Risk Factors for Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • deep leg thrombosis
  • renal thrombus
  • pelvic thrombus

Prevention of Chronic pulmonary embolism

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Chronic pulmonary embolism.

Occurrence of Chronic pulmonary embolism

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Chronic pulmonary embolism cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Chronic pulmonary embolism most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 60-80 years

Common Gender

Chronic pulmonary embolism can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • Blood test: To measure the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood
  • Chest X-ray: To detect an existence of pulmonary embolism
  • Ultrasound: Use of sound waves to check for blood clots in thigh veins
  • CT scan (Computed tomography): To detect abnormalities within arteries of lungs
  • Angiogram: Insertion of catheter into large vein to detect abnormalities
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): Gives detailed images of internal structures

Complications of Chronic pulmonary embolism if untreated

Yes, Chronic pulmonary embolism causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Chronic pulmonary embolism is left untreated:
  • chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

Procedures for Treatment of Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following procedures are used to treat Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • Use of catheter in removal of clot: Clot is removed by insertion of catheter into lung
  • Vein filter: To inhibit the clots from being carried to lungs in people who can't take anticoagulant drugs

Self-care for Chronic pulmonary embolism

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Chronic pulmonary embolism:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Preventing dehydration decreases the development of blood clots
  • Take a break from sitting: Take a moment to walk while driving or sitting to avoid formation of clots
  • Wear support stockings: Promote circulation and fluid movement in the legs

Time for Treatment of Chronic pulmonary embolism

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Chronic pulmonary embolism to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Chronic pulmonary embolism.

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