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Inflammation of the colon.

Symptoms of Colitis

The following features are indicative of Colitis:
  • abdominal pain
  • recurring bloody diarrhea with pus in the stools
  • fecal incontinence
  • flatulence
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • arthritis
It is possible that Colitis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Colitis

The following are the most common causes of Colitis:
  • improper diet
  • stress
  • immune system malfunctioning
  • heredity

Risk Factors for Colitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Colitis:
  • middle age
  • white people
  • family history

Prevention of Colitis

No, it is not possible to prevent Colitis.
  • autoimmune disorder

Occurrence of Colitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Colitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Colitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Colitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Colitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Colitis:
  • Blood testing: To check for anemia
  • Examination of stool sample: To check infections caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites
  • Colonoscopy: To view the entire colon
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: To examine the rectum and colon
  • X-ray examination: To examine serious complications, such as a perforated colon
  • CT scan: To detect complicated condition of ulcerative colitis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Colitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Colitis:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Colitis if untreated

Yes, Colitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Colitis is left untreated:
  • severe bleeding
  • perforated colon
  • severe dehydration
  • liver disease
  • osteoporosis
  • inflammation of skin, joints and eyes
  • colon cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Colitis

The following procedures are used to treat Colitis:
  • Proctocolectomy: To remove entire colon and rectum
  • Ileal pouch anal anastomosis: Surgery done to make passage for stool removal

Self-care for Colitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Colitis:
  • Limit dairy products: To improve conditions of Ulcerative colitis
  • Limit fiber: To improve the symptoms of ulcerative colitis
  • Drink plenty of water: To improve condition of intestine

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Colitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Colitis:
  • Iron Supplements: To cure iron deficiency anaemia

Patient Support for Treatment of Colitis

The following actions may help Colitis patients:
  • Join online support groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families

Time for Treatment of Colitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Colitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Colitis.

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