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A polyp is an extra piece of tissue that grows inside your body. Colonic polyps grow in the large intestine, or colon. Most polyps are not dangerous. However, some polyps may turn into cancer or already be cancer. To be safe, doctors remove polyps and test them. Polyps can be removed when a doctor examines the inside of the large intestine during a colonoscopy.

Anyone can get polyps, but certain people are more likely than others. You may have a greater chance of getting polyps if you

  • Are over age 50
  • Have had polyps before
  • Have a family member with polyps
  • Have a family history of colon cancer

Most colon polyps do not cause symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include blood on your underwear or on toilet paper after a bowel movement, blood in your stool, or constipation or diarrhea lasting more than a week.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Colonic Polyps

The following features are indicative of Colonic Polyps:
  • rectal bleeding
  • change in stool color
  • change in bowel habits
  • pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • iron deficiency anemia
It is possible that Colonic Polyps shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Colonic Polyps

The following are the most common causes of Colonic Polyps:
  • genetic mutations

Risk Factors for Colonic Polyps

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Colonic Polyps:
  • ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn's disease
  • family history
  • tobacco use
  • alcohol use
  • obesity
  • lack of exercise
  • type 2 diabetes

Prevention of Colonic Polyps

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Colonic Polyps. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains
  • reduce the fat intake
  • limit alcohol consumption
  • don't use tobacco
  • stay physically active

Occurrence of Colonic Polyps

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Colonic Polyps cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Colonic Polyps most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Colonic Polyps can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Colonic Polyps

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Colonic Polyps:
  • Colonoscopy: To see the colorectal polyps and cancer.in the body
  • Virtual colonoscopy: To view the colon
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: To examine the last third of the colon

Doctor for Diagnosis of Colonic Polyps

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Colonic Polyps:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Colonic Polyps if untreated

Yes, Colonic Polyps causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Colonic Polyps is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Colonic Polyps

The following procedures are used to treat Colonic Polyps:
  • Colectomy: To eliminate part of the colon that has the polyps

Self-care for Colonic Polyps

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Colonic Polyps:
  • Don't use tobacco: Lowers the risk of colon polyps and colorectal cancer
  • Decrease fat intake: Reduces the risk of colon polyps

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Colonic Polyps

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Colonic Polyps:
  • Do regular exercise: Lower the chances of colon polyps

Patient Support for Treatment of Colonic Polyps

The following actions may help Colonic Polyps patients:
  • Genetic counseling: Helps in lowering the risk of colon polyps and colorectal cancer

Time for Treatment of Colonic Polyps

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Colonic Polyps to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Colonic Polyps.

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