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Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract.

Symptoms of Coughing up Blood

The following features are indicative of Coughing up Blood:
  • blood-stained mucus
  • bloody sputum
  • fever
  • chest pain
  • coughing
  • purulent sputum
  • mucocutaneous bleeding
  • jaundice
It is possible that Coughing up Blood shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Coughing up Blood

The following are the most common causes of Coughing up Blood:
  • blood clot in the lung
  • bronchiectasis
  • bronchitis
  • cancer
  • cystic fibrosis
  • vasculitis
  • injury to the arteries of the lungs
  • irritation of the throat
  • pneumonia
  • pulmonary edema
  • tuberculosis

Risk Factors for Coughing up Blood

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Coughing up Blood:
  • smoking
  • hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension

Prevention of Coughing up Blood

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Coughing up Blood. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid cigarette smoking
  • treat underlying conditions

Occurrence of Coughing up Blood

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Coughing up Blood cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Coughing up Blood can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Coughing up Blood can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Coughing up Blood

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Coughing up Blood:
  • Imaging examination: Chest X-ray, CT scan and 3D reconstruction images or CT virtual bronchoscopy, and bronchial angiography tests to check probable source of bleeding
  • Blood test: To check the WBCs count of the blood
  • Sputum culture: To check the cells and bacterial examinations
  • Bronchial fiber endoscopy: to examine the interior of part of lungs

Doctor for Diagnosis of Coughing up Blood

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Coughing up Blood:
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Coughing up Blood if untreated

Yes, Coughing up Blood causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Coughing up Blood is left untreated:
  • frequent infections
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Coughing up Blood

The following procedures are used to treat Coughing up Blood:
  • Laser photocoagulation: To stop bleeding during bronchoscopy
  • Surgery: To remove lung lobe or removal of the entire lung
  • Treating the underlying condition: Treat the underlying condition that is causing hemoptysis

Self-care for Coughing up Blood

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Coughing up Blood:
  • Avoid cough suppressants: Helps reducing the risk of choking

Time for Treatment of Coughing up Blood

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Coughing up Blood to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Coughing up Blood.

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